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Medical abbreviations deciphered!

Posted Nov 06 2010 1:20pm
I do tend to talk (type) in medical/nursing abbreviations and terms, so I thought I would create this post to help explain things.

  • primip - a woman giving birth for the first time
  • multip - a woman giving birth for the 2nd (or more) time
  • grand multip - a woman who has given birth to at least 4 or 5 babies before
  • AMA - against medical advice -- OR --- advanced maternal age (over age 35) - I hate this term
  • SROM - spontaneous rupture of membranes ("broken water"
  • AROM - artificial rupture of membranes
  • amnihook - a plastic device, similar to a crochet hook, used to break the membranes/water
  • pit - pitocin (oxytocin) - used to stimulate contractions
  • cord! - usually yelled in an emergency - means that an umbilical cord has prolapse through the woman's cervix, necessitating an emergency c-section
  • c/s - cesarean section - surgical birth
  • CD - cesarean delivery - see c/s
  • SD - shoulder dystocia - where the baby's shoulder is stuck during birth
  • FTP - failure to progress
  • FTBP - failure to be patient (see FTP)
  • CPD - cephalopelvic disproportion - where the baby's head won't fit through the pelvis (also, see FTP and FTBP)
  • SVE - sterile vaginal exam
  • VE - vaginal exam (see SVE)
  • FSE - fetal scalp electrode (used to directly measure the baby's EKG/heartbeat)
  • IUPC - intrauterine pressure catheter (used to directly measure contractions in the uterine cavity)
  • toco - tocodynomomanometer - big long word that I can't spell - the external device on the fetal monitor to measure contractions
  • u/s - ultrasound, or ultrasound transducer (part of the fetal monitor) to pick up the baby's heart beat
  • FHR - fetal heart rate
  • EFM - external fetal monitor (toco + u/s)
  • LTV - long term variability (how the baby's heart beat line looks on the monitor - it should be fairly squiggly, which suggested good/average/moderate LTV)
  • accels - accelerations of the baby's heart beat (good thing!)
  • decels - decelerations of the baby's heart beat (sometimes good, sometimes not good)
  • GTPAL - the number system to say how many pregnancies a woman has had, and the outcomes of the pregnancies
  • G - gravity - total number of pregnancies
  • T - term - number of pregnancies from 37-42 weeks gestation
  • P - preterm - number of babies born from 20-37 weeks
  • A - abortions - number of spontaneous or elective abortions
  • L - living - number of living children
  • EDC - estimated date of confinement - due date
  • EDD - estimated date of delivery - due date (see EDC)
  • MFM - maternal fetal medicine specialist, perinatalogist, deals with high risk pregnancies
  • OB - obstetrician
  • CNM - certified nurse-midwife
  • RN - registered nurse
  • L&D - labor and delivery
  • PP - post partum; also post-prandial (after meals)
  • GDM - gestational diabetes mellitus
  • PES - preeclampsia syndrome
  • HELLP - a syndrome of hemolysis, elevated liver enzymes and low platelets
  • PIH - pregnancy induced hypertension, now referred to as........
  • GHTN - gestational hypertension
  • CHTN - chronic hypertension
  • HTN - hypertension
  • I&O - intake and output
  • Mag - magnesium sulfate
  • terb - terbutaline
  • t-pump - terbutaline pump
  • gtt - drip
  • IV - intravenous
  • NBN - newborn nursery
  • NICU - neonatal intensive care unit
  • WNL - within normal limits
  • SVD - spontaneous vaginal delivery
  • VAVD - vacuum assist vaginal delivery
  • LMP - last menstrual period
  • LNMP - last normal menstrual period
  • D&E - dilation and evacuation (this could be from a miscarriage, or from a retained placenta)
  • D&C - dilation and curretage (see D&E), but suction is used
  • PPH - postpartum hemorrhage
  • PPD - postpartum depression (also is an abbreviation for a test for tuberculosis)
  • PP Del - postpartum delivery
  • kiwi - a type of a vacuum used in births
  • GA - gestational age
  • U/A - urinalysis
  • UDS - urine drug screen
  • UC - uterine contraction
  • ctx - contraction
  • SAB - spontaneous abortion (miscarriage)
  • EAB - elective abortion
  • TAB - therapeutic abortion (see EAB, though a TAB is usually for a medical reason)
  • TOP - termination of pregnancy
  • TOL - trial of labor
  • PTL - preterm labor
  • PROM - premature rupture of membranes (water breaks before labor begins)
  • PPROM - prolonged premature rupture of membranes
  • cx - cervix, cervical
  • LEEP - loop excision biopsy
  • cryo - surgical freezing of the cervix to treat abnormal pap smear results/precancerous lesions on the cervix
  • TOLAC - trial of labor after a cesarean birth
  • VBAC - vaginal birth after a cesarean birth
  • IUGR - intrauterine growth restriction
  • SGA - small for gestational age
  • LGA - large for gestational age
  • IUFD - intrauterine fetal demise
  • macro - macrosomic (also, see LGA)
  • IVF - in vitro fertilization
  • IUI - intrauterine insemination
  • shoulder! - shouted out for assistance during a shoulder dystocia
  • A/P or APU - antepartum unit (where long term pregnant women stay in the hospital)
  • PACU - post anesthesia care unit
  • OR - operating room
  • epis - episiotomy
  • epid - epidural

Have I missed any?
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