A hysterectomy is a surgical procedure to remove a woman’s uterus. Sometimes, other organs are removed, too. A hysterectomy will stop a woman’s periods if she hasn’t reached menopause yet. If the ovaries are removed before a woman reaches menopause, she will suddenly enter menopause. The different types of hysterectomies are listed below.
- A complete or total hysterectomy removes the cervix and uterus. It is the most common type of hysterectomy.
- A partial or subtotal hysterectomy removes the upper part of the uterus but leaves the cervix.
- A radical hysterectomy removes the uterus, cervix, upper part of the vagina, and supporting tissues.
- A bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy removes both ovaries and fallopian tubes during a hysterectomy.
Source: National Women’s Health Information Center, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, www.womenshealth.gov