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abnormal uterine bleeding - Causes of Abnormal Menstrual Bleeding

Posted Jun 23 2011 7:43am
According to studies, 10 to 30% of females are prone to abnormal uterine bleeding at some point in their life. Abnormal uterine or menstrual bleeding refers to any bleeding from the vagina, other than the normal menstrual period. Heavy menstrual bleeding also known as menorrhagia can fall into the category of abnormal menstrual bleeding, even though the bleeding is the part of the menstrual cycle. If you have to go through more than one tampon or pad every two hours, then your period is considered abnormally heavy.
 
Abnormal Uterine Bleeding Causes:
 
Abnormally heavy periods can be attributed to a wide range of factors. Only a doctor can properly diagnose and prescribe treatment for these causes.
  • Hormone imbalances, such as thyroid disorders have been shown to increase the risk of abnormal uterine bleeding.
  • Fibroids and polyps often cause symptoms such pressure and pain in the uterine area.
  • Certain types of birth control. Each female is different, and there are many forms of hormonal birth control available, all of which affect each individual differently.
  • Abortion and miscarriage can lead to abnormal bleeding for weeks, and sometimes even months, after the event.
  • Adenomyosis is a non-cancerous disease characterized by the uterine lining existing inside the muscular layer of the uterus.
  • Cervical or uterine cancer often results in abnormal uterine bleeding.
The cause of abnormal heavy bleeding is discovered through a combination of medical tests. These tests include blood sample analysis, tissue biopsies, hysteroscopy, and a pelvic ultrasound. A hysteroscopy refers to the use of a small telescope attached to a video camera to view the inside of the uterus.
 
Common Treatment Options:
 
  1. If the cause is fibroids or polyps, then removal of these causes by scraping the uterine wall is generally the first treatment option. The processes of removing fibroids and polyps are called laparoscopy or hysteroscopy.
  2. Changing birth control or prescriptions is a course of action for unexplained uterine bleeding.
  3. In the case of adenomyosis, in some cases of fibroids, and in extreme cases of cancer, the entire uterus must sometimes be removed as a last resort. This procedure is called a hysterectomy.
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