What is a Ventricular SeptalDefect?by
ANNOUNCER: Ventricular septaldefect, known as VSD, is a hole in the heart wall between the left... A. KOVACH, MD: The symptoms associated with VSD vary, depending on the size of the ventricular septaldefect...
What is an Atrial SeptalDefect?by
ANNOUNCER: If you or someone you know has been diagnosed with atrial septaldefect, here are some basic facts about this type of heart condition.
JACQUELINE NOONAN, MD: An atrial septaldefect...
PFO and CardioSeal infoby
. This type of defect generally works like a flap valve, only opening during certain conditions... )
A PFO can be associated with atrial septal aneurysm, which is characterized by excessive...