Oxalate and Risk for Nephrolithiasisby
Hyperoxaluria is one of the well-established risk factors for stone formation; this certainly makes sense as the most common type of kidney stone is of the calcium oxalate variety. Interestingly, having high levels of se
What are Randall's Plaques?by
The latest theories on nephrolithiasis involve an anatomical lesion termed "Randall's Plaques", which are calcified, whitish plaques in the renal papillae which may be visualized during endoscopy (see arrows in Figure a,
Pearls for Boardsby
1) Topiramate - Watch for non-gap acidosis, nephrolithiasis and hyperammonemia.
2) Jak2 - the intracellular kinase activated by the binding of Epo to the Epo receptor.
3) Live vaccines are contraindicated in ki