Here is a page from the Cleveland Clinic website on lower extremity ulcers .
Wound care specialists also take care of various ostomies (an ostomy is a surgically created opening in the body for supplying nutrition or disposing of waste), such as gastrostomy or colostomy.
Patients with lymphedema (lymphatic obstruction which blocks the drainage of lymph fluid, creating chronic swelling and increased risk of ulceration and infection. Lymphedema may be hereditary, due to infections, surgical procedures or other medical conditions such as blood pressure or heart problems, among others.
Here is the National Cancer Institute’s page on lymphedema
Stage III lymphedema, legs
Squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, a type of skin cancer can arise in chronic wounds, like burn scars, ulcers, osteomyelitis (bone infection that can affect the skin) wounds, sites of previous radiation therapy, diabetic ulcers, and others. Squamous cell carcinomas that arise in chronic wounds (called Marjolin’s ulcers) tend to be more aggressive than other squamous cell carcinomas of the skin and need to be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible.
In certain cases of chronic lymphedema, there is a risk of developing a malignancy, such as in chronic lymphedema of the arm after breast cancer surgery.
National Alliance of Wound Care certifies doctors, nurses and other health care professionals as wound care specialists.
Burn surgeons also take care of wounds but that is a special category.
As to why a health care professional would choose to practice wound care, this specialty is challenging. It requires a strong team approach. It makes a significant difference in patients’ lives in terms of reduction of pain, decreased risk of infection, decreased amputations and possibly lowered risk/earlier diagnosis of malignancies associated with chronic wounds.
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