Everybody, especially the women, wants to have a beautiful and healthy skin – free from rashes, scars, and other skin diseases. Skin is something that the body wears to look good and keep from bacterial infection. Without the skin, human is like a big wound.
The skin is the largest and most visible organ of the body, particularly the integumentary system. It is composed of three layers which function individually. It is an outer layer that covers the muscles, ligaments, bones, and internal organs. Aside from holding and supporting everything inside the body, the skin also serves as shield against pathogen, infection, and dehydration. It also regulates heat, controls evaporation, detects sensations of touch, stores water and lipid, and absorbs carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and oxygen molecules.
The common elements that pose a danger to the skin include ultraviolet radiation, pollution, poor nutrition, and factors that can be inherited. Skin problems are commonly about acne, scars, rashes, moles, eczema, hives, and dry skin. Some skin problems are debilitating and can greatly affect the way of life of a person. These include burns, shingles, psoriasis, and hidradenitis suppurativa, all of which are a nuisance.
Acne, as the most frequent among skin diseases, is caused by oil glands. It happens when hair follicles in the skin clog up, causing the appearance of pimples. Hidradenitis suppurativa is a severe and chronic form of acne that can cause scars, skin changes, restricted movements, and cellulitis, an inflammation of the tissue characterized by pain, fever, redness, and swelling of the infected area. Psoriasis is also a chronic skin disease brought by the abnormalities of the immune system. In this case, skin cells increase and congregate that result in the appearance of red patches and spots covered with scales. These plagues are usually formed on the scalp, elbow, trunk, and knees and can be painful and itchy. Although psoriasis is non-contagious, it can be inherited. Shingles is another form of skin disease that occurs from viral infection, especially when the chicken pox virus in the body becomes active again. It comes along with a painful skin rash limited on one area of the body. Burns, likewise, can be a minor or serious skin injury depending on the condition of the affected skin layer classified as first, second, or third degree.
Diseases, skin disorders, and environmental factors are not the only elements to blame that make the skin miserable. Stress also induces skin damage and stimulates skin aging, acne, and other sensitivities. Academic pressure on students causes stress, which can increase sebum or oil production and lead to adult acne and clogged pores, as a consequence. Financial problems too subject the person to stress that can result to impair the function of lipid barrier, which helps avoid skin dehydration, dryness, and dullness. Stress at work also poses a threat to the skin and can create internal inflammation, resulting in the formation of wrinkles and fine lines. Relationship difficulties also tolerate stress that can compromise immune function, causing uneven skin tone and texture, hyperpigmentation, and loss of radiance. Additionally, major life changes belong to pro stress factors. It increase sensitivity and irritate the skin, causing itching, redness, and hives. Long-term can lead to eczema, psoriasis, or rosacea.
Dermatology is a study that deals with skin issues including the treatment and diagnosis of skin disorders and diseases. It is the branch of medicine that focuses on the function and structure of the skin components and the organs associated to the integumentary system, like nails and hairs in human. Dermatologists are in charge of the research, advancement, and further development of skin treatments. They are divided into several subspecialties, all of which have medical and surgical aspects.
Subspecialties are cosmetic dermatology, medical dermatology, immunodermatology, pediatric dermatology, phototherapy, teledermatology, dermapathology, cutaneous allergy, sclerotherapy, dermatome surgery, and Mohs micrographic surgery. The common therapies performed by dermatologists include acne scar removal, sun-damaged skin treatment, laser hair removal, laser therapy to remove birthmarks and tattoos, mole removal, skin rejuvenation and resurfacing, hair transplantation, microdermabrasion, cryosurgery, and liposuction.
Generally, dermatology is a complex branch of medicine because dermatological issues are not confined to skin alone. It embraces a wider scope including tissues, organs, and other body systems. A simple skin rash can become fatal if not treated well and can lead to skin cancer.
It is not enough that you have a shiny hair, pretty face, or presentable clothes to look beautiful. Having a smooth and fair skin complexion can also make a person attractive. Hence, taking care of the skin is very essential in the lives of individuals. A beautiful skin is not only about beauty but being healthy. Bring back the glow and restore an even younger looking skin. Reveal a healthy skin and raise self-confidence, no matter what the age or color it is.