Running Downhill: Preparing for Hilly Courses (Boston Marathon Prep!)
Posted Apr 28 2011 9:41am
The Boston Marathon was last week and it was a helluva race. The elites took advantage of a strong tailwind and favorable temperatures to run incredibly fast: the winning time was 2:03:02 – the fastest time ever run. American Ryan Hall raced 2:04:58, the fastest time ever run by an American.
The women’s race was spectacular, with Hanson Brooks runner Desiree Davila running 2:22 and almost winning the race (no American woman has won Boston since 1985).
So as you can see, even though I didn’t race the Boston Marathon this year, it holds a special place in my heart. I’m originally from Boston and it’s also one of the most historic races in the world. I can’t wait to race it (hopefully) next year.
It’s a very different course than many other marathons because it features a significant elevation loss from the start in Hopkinton to the finish on Boylston street in downtown Boston. The total elevation drop is 146 meters which is fairly significant – and one of the reasons that Boston is ineligible for world record setting times.
Due to the significant downhill running that’s required, I know that my training to prepare for Boston will be different than what it was before the New York Marathon. Let’s look at how you (and I) can prepare for a race like the Boston Marathon with significant drops in elevation and what to keep in mind when running downhill workouts.
Before I talk about the best ways to practice downhill running, it’s important to note that running downhill intervals or frequent downhills during training is inherently risky. Each foot strike during running sends 2-4 times your body weight’s worth of impact forces from your foot up through your body. This amount of impact forces is more significant when running downhill because of gravity.
Additionally, your muscles need to absorb the shock of this pounding while lengthening (eccentric muscle contractions). When a muscle elongates under tension the likelihood of increased soreness the next day is a lot higher. While Boston is a net downhill marathon course and should be fast because of it, many runners struggle with Boston because the early downhill running trashes their legs.
Preparing for a downhill race is critical and can help you run faster and avoid some of the post-race soreness that you will experience. In addition to practicing downhills during training (which we’ll get to), there is another way to help your body prepare:
Get ridiculously strong. Runners who don’t do any type of strength training are going to be at a serious disadvantage in a downhill race. Holding your form while you’re tired and running downhill is very difficult but it’s easier if you’ve spent time in the gym. Stick to basic, multi-joint movements like squats, dead lifts, and pull ups.
I have a tendency to only do the same 5-6 exercises in the gym. While they’re compound, multi-joint movements that give me the maximum benefit with the least time investment, I should really branch out to avoid a performance plateau. This is exactly why I bought the Rebel Strength Guide a few weeks ago. Instead of improvising in the gym with the same few exercises, I’m going for a focused program that can help me get strong with new exercises. I start next week.
When you think you’re ready to do more specific downhill running, make sure to follow a logical progression from easy (less specific) to difficult (more specific) workouts.
Run several downhills during your normal distance runs 2-3 times per week. Running downhills during a run means that you’re also going to have to run uphills. Both uphill and downhill running can help strengthen your legs. When you are comfortable running downhill for 1-3 minutes a few times per run, you’re ready to go a little faster.
Downhill strides are the next workout you can add after a few weeks of practicing your normal running downhill. Just pick a hill with a gentle slope (1-3% but no steeper) and run 4-6 controlled acceleration strides that build to your mile race pace. If you have no idea what that pace is don’t worry! Just run what you think is a “very controlled hard effort.”
You might be a little sore after these harder efforts, so don’t shy away from your foam roller! An ice bath on your easy day can also help speed your recovery.
Still need more practice? Even though most of the benefits of downhill running can be realized on distance runs and via downhill strides, you can do downhill intervals if you’re feeling frisky. I’m hesitant to recommend them because of the inherent injury risk so please exercise caution: always stay in control, run fewer reps than you would on a track, and cut the workout short if you think you need to.
A good downhill interval session is a variation of a fartlek workout with short reps. I like a pyramid workout consisting of 30″, 1′, 1′, 30″ with 1-2 minutes of easy jogging between each interval. The 30″ intervals are like strides; always run in control - never flail or feel too uncomfortable. I can’t say that enough.
When I was in college we ran similar workouts to the downhill intervals with 1 minute repetitions. Our coach thought that we didn’t have enough practice running downhills after watching us on a particularly hilly course. He was right – we came back 4 weeks later and were much more confident on the downhill sections of the race!
With all of these downhill intervals, remember to keep in mind:
Always run relaxed – don’t strain.
Consciously focus on your form and a quick, light turnover. No foot stomping.
Keep a high stride rate of 180+ steps per minute. This cadence, especially when going downhill, can help protect you from injury.
Stay alert – downhill running requires a lot of focus; you can’t coast through these workouts.
With practice, you’ll be mentally and physically prepared to tackle your next downhill race. What other types of downhill workouts have you done? Let us know in the comments how you got ready for a hilly or downhill race!