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Who can use nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)?

Posted by Be Well

Who can use nicotine replacement therapy (NRT)?
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Nicotine is very addictive. That's why it's so hard to give up smoking even if you really want to. It is possible to go 'cold turkey' and give up with no aid, but your chances of successfully quitting smoking are doubled if you use nicotine replacement therapies (NRT), such as gums, patches, inhalers, tablets and sprays . They give you a low dose of nicotine gradually throughout the day, which means that you don't get strong cravings to smoke.

NRT is generally safe for everyone. It can be bought over-the-counter or prescribed by your doctor. NRT can even be used in young smokers (aged 12-18 years) for a maximum of 12 weeks. After this, treatment should only be continued if advised by a healthcare professional.

Ideally, pregnant women should try to quit smoking without NRT. In extreme cases (if quitting has not proved possible), NRT may be prescribed by a healthcare professional - this will need to be done as early in the pregnancy as possible, and NRT should not be used for more than 2-3 months. Patches should not be worn overnight. Women who are breastfeeding can use NRT safely, but should avoid patches if possible.

Smokers with a cardiovascular disease (a disorder affecting the heart or blood vessels, such as high blood pressure or heart disease) should be encouraged to stop smoking without NRT. But if this is not possible, NRT will only be given under medical supervision. This is also the case for anyone with kidney or liver impairment.

Diabetics using NRT should monitor their blood sugar levels more closely.

NOTICE: The information provided on this site is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Never delay or disregard seeking professional medical advice from your physician or other qualified health provider because of something you have read on Wellsphere. If you have a medical emergency, call your doctor or 911 immediately.
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