I wanted to give some information about the Semen Analysis. On March 12th I mentioned having the male tested and that was referring to having a Semen Analysis preformed. Below is a list of what is actually tested and why.
The basic semen analysis measures these factors:
• Semen volume. This is the amount of semen you produce during ejaculation. Based on World Health Organization guidelines, 2-5 milliliters is considered normal.
• Sperm concentration. This measure, also called sperm count, is the number of sperm in a given amount of semen. Normal is more than 20 million sperm per milliliter.
• Sperm motility. This is the ability of the sperm to move. A normal result means at least 50 percent of the sperm can move forward.
• Sperm morphology. This is the shape of the sperm. Under one system of measurement, at least 30 percent of the sperm should have a normal shape. 1 Under a different, stricter set of criteria for morphology, at least 14 percent of sperm must meet the standards to be considered sufficient.
Even though a male whose semen is below normal on one or more of these tests may lower the chances of making his partner pregnant it doesn't mean that its impossible. Because semen analysis results can vary from one sample to another, the doctor may ask for at least 3 samples spaced a few weeks apart.