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Posted Jul 15 2013 12:00am

There is so much that can affect our ability to conceive and I want to use this space today to look at one such, prolactin and infertility.

What is Prolactin
Prolactin is one of many hormones produced by the pituitary gland. This hormone has many functions, its main being to stimulate the production of milk during pregnancy. During pregnancy, prolactin levels in pregnant women should be high and continues to be high throughout breastfeeding, thus preventing a woman who is breastfeeding from ovulating.
Prolactin and Infertility

Women who have been diagnosed with infertility and are told that their prolactin levels is high, will find that they are not ovulating thus pregnancy cannot occur. This condition is also known as hyperprolactinemia which is  "characterized by excess prolactin, the hormone responsible for milk production in a woman's breasts. This hypersecretion can be due to a prolactin-secreting tumor (prolactinoma), pregnancy, or the use of numerous medications, particularly psychiatric medications or to a large pituitary tumor that compresses the rest of the gland. In most cases, changes in the menstrual cycle result in early evaluation and diagnosis of hyperprolactinemia and thus most premenopausal women will present with small tumors."
Read more and find out also how this condition can be treated.

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