Nature Writing, Procreation, and the Human Condition: an interview with Mike Freeman
Posted Jul 25 2011 1:27pm
Two weeks ago, The Fertile Source published Mike Freeman’s essay “Referential.” This week, he answers some questions about the writing life, nature writing, and procreation. “Referential” is an essay that explores many parallel lines of thought. Among those lines of thought are the havoc that human habitation wreaks on nature; the fragility of nature but its ability to bounce back; and the fear you have, as an expectant father, that the world you’re bequeathing to your child is too damaged. How do you balance the tension of multiple lines of thought in your writing?
I’m not sure I’ve ever thought about that. Like most people who write, I wish I had the talent to be a poet, as poets expel the most thought from the fewest words. Emily Dickinson can braid multiple uncertainties into a few lines, thoughts that talented novelists take four-hundred pages to achieve, even then losing much clarity along the way. Poets are additionally attractive for their penchant to ask questions rather than answer them. Like Dickinson, people like Robert Frost and Wallace Stevens pose several of the questions that terrorize all people in compressed space. They do all this best, it seems, with images, or descriptions of the living world, a vividness out of which their various themes emerge. If I can’t be a poet, I’ve tried to mimic that use of imagery.
You wrote “Referential” when your partner became pregnant rather quickly after you started trying, to both of your surprise. Despite the mutual decision to have children, your essay explores the feelings of ambivalence you had going forward, considering the world we live in. The sparse lines referencing those feelings speak volumes—the “newfound life burdening her womb.” Now that you have not one but two children, have some of your fears been resolved or have they been strengthened?
My parental experience has amplified every emotion, positive and negative, as I imagine is the case with most new mothers and fathers. If my fears of what sort of world we’ll bestow were previously unsettling, they’ve ramified exponentially since our two daughters were born. Keeping pace, however, is hope. I have no idea what sort of world they’ll inherit, only that it will be different from the one in which I reared. I hope, however, as that’s most of what I can do, that different won’t mean worse, that they’ll adapt to the changes accordingly and find happiness in the environment they inhabit. This hope, in fact, has probably eclipsed the fear, which might be a great gift of parenthood. Blind or no, without such hope mothers and fathers might be sunk.
Can you talk about what “nature writing” can offer for our understanding of the human condition, particularly as it relates to this ongoing project of bearing and raising young?
I’m probably not qualified to answer what the writing can offer, but will speak to what general observation – from which we create everything – might tell us. People of both religious and secular philosophies are usually in violent agreement about the fundamental questions, something that a day observing nature can verify. Most religions, for instance, have some variation of the Garden of Eden, a time when humanity wasn’t distinct from nature. Pure evolutionists feel the same way, though they use a different route to get there. Now, however, everyone has the sense that we exist in limbo, not entirely separate from nature but not entirely a part of it. It’s quite difficult to imbibe any other feeling when immersed in nature, even for an hour. One place where we both simultaneously diverge from nature while running parallel with it is procreation. Biologists have a distilled, quite dull answer to the meaning of life. “Life exists to replicate itself.” While most of us feel there’s far more to it than that, this statement is indisputable. All life reproduces, and watching many creatures raise their young gives you a great sense of kinship, along with the fantastic risks and exhaustion that parents experience in creating the next generation. Humans, though, have been so successful that we now grapple with the ingrained urge to reproduce while having the sense that we need to limit that same urge.
You reference Adam and Eve in your essay. In Genesis 1, God charges Adam with taking care of the earth (“subduing” it, in the New International Version) but also to “be fruitful and multiply.” Can you explain some of your thoughts about how, as humans, we can balance our need to protect the world we live in with the imperative that seems built into our genes to “be fruitful and multiply”?
The Bible is difficult stuff. Terrific stories, terrific themes, some dreadfully unfortunate phraseology. We’ve had to subdue – or at least beat back – nature enough to enjoy the success we’ve had. On the other hand, we’ve almost certainly overdone it, which now threatens our drive – whether genetically or religiously mandated – to be fruitful and multiply. How we balance this I’m not sure, but voluntarily decreasing family size seems to be a good place to start, though I certainly have no desire to judge anyone who chooses to have a big family nor do I have authority to do so.
Another terrific story from Genesis is the Flood, which secularists share as well. Lately, there seems to be a particularly high rate of apocalyptic prophesying, likely stemming from a collective intuition that humans have become too numerous, too corrupt, to live as they’ve been living. Secularists point to global warning while those with religious inspiration tout some version of the End of Times. Again, same anthropogenic catalyst, same catastrophic end, different narratives. Most of us, then, no matter our background, feel the need to strike some sort of balance between our undeniable success and its impact on the world in which we live. How that can be done, however, will be a trick, and an increasingly large amount of people seem to crave some sort of version of the Flood, to wipe us clean where we can start anew. I’m not among these, but I do understand the sentiment.
How has fatherhood meshed with your career as a writer?
As I imagine is true with most new parents, fatherhood has cut away great chunks of time that I normally devoted to writing (and reading, which is of course a great portion of writing). On the other hand, having children has taught me too much to ever have more than passing regret. In addition, it certainly provides a great deal of new material. Our oldest daughter, for instance, has autism, which at the outset is as alien a wilderness as any explorer ever experienced in the remotest corner of the globe. People largely write, though, to try to understand what questions plague them, if not answer them, and writing has helped in some small way understand our family interplay.
Please tell us about your forthcoming book with SUNY Press.
The book is entitled “Drifting: Two Weeks on the Hudson”, and centers on a canoe trip I took down the Hudson River. Karen became pregnant while I was living in Alaska. We barely knew each other, and I quite abruptly left my home of ten years to come back east in lockstep with the Recession. Needing a way to make money, or at least try, I proposed the idea of floating the Hudson to reflect upon its cultural influence, using that history to frame our most delicate current tensions – race, labor, energy use, pollution, gender politics, and others. Throughout, a personal thread wrestles with the anxieties of stay-at-home parenting and family life in general. The link is here .