3 Legal Facts Every Sperm Donor Should Know By Guest Blogger Michelle Patterson
Posted Nov 11 2013 2:31pm
If you are considering donation your sperm for the
insemination process, there are many factors to consider. Sperm donation is not a matter that should be
taken lightly. Instead, it should be a
decision that is well researched and thought out. You should know all you can about the
donation process and especially about the legal facts for sperm donors. While there are many legal factors to
consider, perhaps the most important is that of your parental responsibility to
any children born from your sperm donation.
Many clinics have detailed contracts that outline these
responsibilities, and it is wise that you read each contract and understand it
fully before signing your name to it.
Additionally, there are a few ways you can donate sperm, and
not all of them take place in a clinic.
You can complete an insemination at a legal fertilization clinic by
donating your sperm at a donation center, or a home insemination can take
place. The legal responsibilities for
parental rights and responsibilities if a child born from home insemination
vastly differ from the parental responsibilities of a child born from a
clinical insemination process. This
article will discuss three very important legal facts that every sperm donor
through a legal facility
When you donate your sperm through a legal facility or
clinic, you will not be classified as the child’s father and you will not have
any parental rights towards that child.
Many clinics offer what is called an open donor program, which allows
you to provide your information to the clinic should the child ever want to
contact you, or which allows one contact from the child when the child is of
age. However, while these options are
available, they are not considered part of your parental responsibility.
Donating sperm to a
single woman via home insemination
If you donate your sperm to a single woman via home
insemination, it is highly possible that you could assume parental
responsibility for that child, as the woman can choose to name her partner or
the sperm donor as the child’s legal father on the birth certificate. Even though you may have discussed the
decision prior to the birth, the woman still has the power to change her mind.
Donating sperm to a
married, unmarried, or same-sex couple via home insemination
If you donate your sperm to an unmarried or same-sex couple
via home insemination, you could also be in the same position as with the
single woman. The same-sex couple could
choose to name you as the father on the birth certificate. However, you are protected if you donated to
a married couple, as the male will automatically be deemed the father on the
As you can see, the legal responsibilities differ in each
situation, so it is very important to decide what type of parental
responsibility you are comfortable with having before you decide to donate.
About the Author
Michelle Patterson is a nurse with years of experience in
the insemination process. She suggests looking into California Cryobank for more helpful
information regarding the legal aspects of sperm donation.