vitamins and others are water-soluble vitamins. Vitamins like
thiamine, pyridoxine and cyanocobalamin are important for the functions of
nervous system. Deficiency of vitamin A leads to night blindness and skin
lesions and deficiency of vitamin D leads to the softening and weakening of
These problems are many a time encountered by the dog owners.
Among these, vitamin A toxicities may occur if you feed them in excessive
amounts, like vitamin D. Hence, give emphasis on this while you are using
these vitamins in the dogs. Cod liver oil from selected fishes has more
vitamin A in them and are universally good feed for dogs.
All dogs may not need supplements of minerals or vitamins to live well
for the moment, but it is important for their future. If they become sick or
aged or very young without proper feeding, supplementations are required
for the upkeep of health status in them. However, one has to follow the
instructions of veterinarian in this regard.
If the dogs are fed with fish in frozen conditions, then they may be
suffering constantly from vitamin B1 deficiency and hence, such dogs need
to be given specifically B1. Careless supplementations of minerals may lead to
diseases and hence, veterinarians always need to be consulted on the
supplementation of minerals or vitamins.
Minerals like calcium, magnesium, zinc, manganese, iron, copper etc.
are given more emphasis in addition to sodium and potassium. Zinc is related
to skin health and potassium is related to the muscle health and calcium with
phosphorus is related to the bone health.
However, if you feed the dog with chicken, mutton or beef along with
required vegetables, artificial supplementation of mineral or vitamin tablets
may be highly reduced but supplements need to be thought of when you are
not able to maintain a balanced nutrition as this happens with most of the
dogs, due to multifaceted causes.