Colitis is an inflammation of the large bowel (colon). This inflammation may be acute (sudden onset of brief duration) or chronic (long-term), disrupting your pet’s normal bowel habits. It is responsible for about 50 percent of cases of chronic diarrhea in dogs. The signs of colitis are painful defecation, extented squatting and straining, flatulence, and passing many small stools mixed with blood and mucus. These signs may be easily mistaken for constipation
Signs of Colitis
Some dogs and cats could have minimal clinical signs; others have severe and infrequently disabling or fatal signs. Nutritional therapy and certain medications might help control the inflammation and most signs, however they generally do not provide a cure.
The inflammation in chronic colitis leads to excess water in your dog’s stool. This really is manifested as diarrhea; you almost certainly will find the frequent passage of small quantities of mucus and/or blood-streaked stools. The diarrhea may be intermittent or continuous.
Stomach pain, depression, fever, weight loss, and a dull coat can also be present.
Treatment: Treatment methods are directed toward the underlying condition, often an inflammatory bowel disease. Irritable bowel syndrome can be helped by a high-fiber diet (see Constipation). Bacterial factors that cause colitis, such as salmonella, campylobactor, and clostridium, will respond to appropriate antibiotics.