Hypnosis and Yoga are now well-known modalities used with pregnant women who wish to prepare for a comfortable labor and birth.
Hypnosis is a therapeutic modality that received many names throughout the centuries and it has been used in many cultures. It has been used as a natural anesthetic for childbirth before the new medical models offering narcotics came into place. Chiasson (1990) states that natural childbirth with hypnosis is possible in 25-30% of the pregnant women, while Kroger (2008) contends that only 20% of the "selected patients" used hypnoanesthesia successfully. According to Kroger, approximately 50% of the women are able to give birth with hypnosis and drugs (in lower dosages) (Kroger, 2008). Both Kroger and Chiasson indicate that hypnosis proved successful in performing surgical interventions such as episiotomy, forceps delivery, and repair (Chiasson, 1998; Kroger, 2008).
Some cultures still perceive the pregnant woman as a vessel carrying life, rendering her nothing but a reproductive or sexual commodity. As a "vessel", the woman becomes a priceless object that provides essential nutriments for fetus and newborn.
Today, many women perform amniocentesis and sonography (ultrasounds/dopplers) to detect potential problems with their child, transforming pregnancy into a medical condition. Technology is more and more used to manipulate or find out the child's gender.
Brann, L., & Guzvica, S. (1987). Comparison of hypnosis with conventional relaxation for antenatal and intrapartum use: A feasibility study in general practice. Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners, 37, 437-440.
Gaffney, L. and Smith Caroline A. (2004). Use of complementary therapies in pregnancy: the perceptions of obstetricians and midwives in South Australia. In Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Vol. 44, pp. 24-29.