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NEJM -- Oral Fingolimod or Intramuscular Interferon for Relapsing Multiple Sclerosis

Posted Jan 21 2010 12:00am
Information for this posting was provided by Karen D., in South Florida:

Published at www.nejm.org January 20, 2010 (10.1056/NEJMoa0907839)

Background Fingolimod (FTY720), a sphingosine-1-phosphate–receptor modulator that prevents lymphocyte egress from lymph nodes, showed clinical efficacy and improvement on imaging in a phase 2 study involving patients with multiple sclerosis.

Methods In this 12-month, double-blind, double-dummy study, we randomly assigned 1292 patients with relapsing–remitting multiple sclerosis who had a recent history of at least one relapse to receive either oral fingolimod at a daily dose of either 1.25 or 0.5 mg or intramuscular interferon beta-1a (an established therapy for multiple sclerosis) at a weekly dose of 30 µg. The primary end point was the annualized relapse rate. Key secondary end points were the number of new or enlarged lesions on T2-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans at 12 months and progression of disability that was sustained for at least 3 months.

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