The Online National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (ONEISS) of the Department of Health (DOH) disclosed that nine out of 10 dead-on-arrival (DOA) motorcycle riders were not wearing helmet at the time of accident.
The report is part of the total 13,883 injury cases for the last quarter of 2012, with data coming from 86 participating government and private hospitals.
The number one cause of reported injuries were transport/vehicular crash (32.1%), followed by assault/mauling (23%), fall (16.9%), and contact with sharp objects (13.2%). Other reported causes of injuries were bites/stings (9.1%), burns (1.5%), gunshots (1.1%), chemicals (0.3%), and hanging and drowning at 0.1% each. Most of the reported injuries occurred on the road (41.1%), home (26.3%), workplace (4%), and school (2.2%). Almost all (99.5%) injury cases reached the hospital alive.
Majority (85.4%) were discharged after being treated at the emergency room or out-patient department, while only about 9.6% were admitted for further treatment. “In order to reduce or avoid injuries, the DOH recommends the promotion of “safety first” mindset and attitude,” Health Secretary Enrique Ona said, adding that this should start at every community where safety policies, plans, rules and procedures are taught to every member. Furthermore, Ona noted that road safety is both a personal commitment and a shared responsibility of all road users. Everyone should do their share for an injury-free society.
Helmet Facts & Figures
MANY FILIPINOS DIE IN MOTORCYCLE COLLISIONS...
• In 2010, a total of 6,941 Filipinos died as a result of road traffic crashes, and thousands more were injured or disabled.
• Users of motorcycles make up a large proportion of those killed on the road. Data in Metro Manila indicate that 34% of all fatal road crashes and 37% of nonfatal injuries from road traffic crashes involve motorcycles.
HELMET USE IS EFFECTIVE AT REDUCING HEAD INJURIES...
• Injuries to the head and neck are the main cause of death, severe injury and disability among users of motorcycles.
• Wearing a helmet is the single most effective way of reducing head injuries and fatalities resulting from motorcycle crashes.
• Motorcyclists who do not wear helmets are at a much higher risk of sustaining head injuries and from dying from these injuries.
WEARING A STANDARD PROTECTIVE HELMET IS IMPORTANT...
• Helmet standards ensure that helmets allowed for distribution and use by motorcyclists are of appropriate quality.
• Standard helmets are recognized by the presence of the Philippine Standard (PS) or Import Commodity Clearance (ICC) mark provided by the Bureau of Product Standards (BPS) of the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI).
• Helmets create an extra layer for the head and thus protect the wearer from severe brain injury.
HELMETS SHOULD BE PROPERLY FASTENED...
• Chin and neck straps, which are specifically designed to keep the helmet on the head during an impact, must be correctly used.
• If a helmet is not fastened, it will come off during a crash, therefore, not providing protection.
HELMETS ARE DESIGNED TO PREVENT HEAD INJURIES BUT NOT INJURIES TO OTHER PARTS OF THE BODY...
• Obeying road traffic rules, including adhering to speed limits and not driving while drunk, will reduce the chance of a motorcyclist being involved in a crash, and their likelihood of incurring any type of injury.
• Appropriate clothing can be helpful to reduce other types of injuries.
THE NATIONAL MOTORCYCLE HELMET LAW (REPUBLIC ACT NO. 10054) MUST BE ENFORCED...
• Motorcycle helmet legislation has been proven in reducing head injuries and deaths from motorcycle crashes in many countries.
• Legislation is most likely to work where high-quality helmets are accessible and affordable, enforcement is comprehensive, and there is widespread community education on the benefits of helmet use.