There's no doubt that Arnie (Arnold Schwarzenegger) revolutionized bodybuilding with his veins popping out along with sporting a flawless and finely cut body, which led him to win the Mr. Universe title at the age of 22 and Mr. Olympia seven times.
But this is not a writing piece dedicated to Arnie and his lifelong contribution to the art of bodybuilding or even his stint in the movies or even his current role as the 38th Governor of California but rather vaguely about his vein-popping that were rather visible during his bodybuilding days, and which is known today, in the sport of bodybuilding, as 'vascularity'.
Speaking of our bodies, there is a science behind how these bodybuilders get these to pop out (while our eyes do the same!) and the rudiments lie embedded in the way the circulatory system works.
The Circulatory System
Blood and lymph move through our bodies continuously performing several functions such as fighting disease, lowering body temperature and lowering the pH value of the body, which begins with the distribution of blood by the cardiovascular system which contain several arteries, veins and capillaries that never leave the body.
The arteries, veins and capillaries are also collectively referred to as blood vessels (vascular), and in terms of diseases, these vessels play a large role in almost every major disease from cancer to atherosclerosis and so on and so forth.
And this is where vascular doctors come in…
If one must understand the role that these doctors perform, it lies in the specialization of the arteries and veins, which includes the diagnosis, management and treatment of diseases pertaining to blood vessels. The area of expertise that they pick over a period of time is treating patients with appropriate drugs as well as performing specialized surgical techniques.
And it's not enough that one must go through just four years of medical school but has to complete a five-to-six year residency in vascular surgery or perform general surgery for five years and then take up a two-year fellowship in vascular surgery.
And if that's not enough, they have to take an examination that certifies their expertise in the field of vascular surgery, and which is conducted by the American Board of Surgery.
But the next question might be… what do they treat?
Vascular disease can be classified into disease that results from the hardening of the arteries, that will lead to diseases such as heart attacks, strokes, ruptured blood vessels or kidney failure.
There are variety of diseases these days that affect the arteries and veins in our body such as atherosclerosis, peripheral vascular disease (PVD), carotid artery disease, renal artery disease and aortic aneurysms.
Vascular doctors use a combination of drugs and surgery to help people recover from these diseases, that if not treated in time and adequately, can have fatal consequences for the person in question.
While these diseases normally effect people in their 50s, developments in the field of vascular treatment are ensuring that patients recover quickly while preventing the recurrence of strokes and other issues that might crop up with vascular disease. However, if you really want to lower the risk of cardiovascular disease, it would be wise to stop smoking. Period.