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An overview of Gestational Diabetes

Posted Feb 01 2011 8:35am


For those of you who have parents who are currently having to deal with Type 1 or 2 Diabetes, you'd understand how careful they must especially with their feet apart from their diet and so on and so forth.

While doctors, clinics and boards in hospitals everywhere inform people to be careful, occasionally there is a slip-up, and this can result in some serious complications for the person who has either of these types of diabetes.

Personally speaking, my dad stepped on a sharp piece of stone, and in treating it at the doctors', it took for almost like forever to heal…

And while there are several types of diabetes, let's start with the most common ones before we move on to the one that affects affect women during their pregnancy.

Diabetes – Type 1 & 2

Type 1: This type of diabetes is also known as the insulin-dependent diabetes, and this is due to the fact that your immune system attacks the beta cells in your pancreas that makes the insulin that your body needs.

Without the insulin, the glucose that is prepared by the cells when one eats will not be distributed to other parts of the body. And the real danger is when the glucose remains in blood stream as this can lead to the damage of the body's organs. In order for the person to survive this type of diabetes, it is necessary for him to take insulin so that this function can be restored immediately.

Type 2: Also known as the non-insulin dependent diabetes, this type of diabetes is the most common type among diabetes patients. The difference between this type and the previous one is the fact that this type of diabetes does not respond well to the insulin which carries the glucose to all parts of the body, resulting in the glucose staying in the bloodstream.

Apart from these two types that are very common amongst patients these days, there is another form known as gestational diabetes that occurs during pregnancy who have very high levels of glucose in their bloodstream despite not showing any signs of having Diabetes 1 or 2 earlier.

Gestational Diabetes

While the primary reason for one to get gestational diabetes is due to the fact that one has a high level of glucose in the bloodstream while affecting almost 4 % of all pregnancies in the latter stages.

The reason why this happens is because a pregnant woman needs three times more insulin than normal in order to give birth, and when there is a resistance to insulin, the obvious buildup of glucose in the bloodstream can cause harm to both the mother and the child as well.

However, it is not every woman who gets gestational diabetes unless they are overweight, have a family history of normal diabetes, have large amounts of glucose in their urine and most importantly, have had gestational diabetes during a previous pregnancy.

So, you can be sure that if you don't have any of these factors, the risk of getting it when you are pregnant are slim.

In Closing

And while all diabetics are advised to take care of their health, it's important that they listen well as in the case of a pregnant woman who has gestational diabetes, it is not only the mother who is affected but also the child.

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