As you can see, all the phosphate binder equivalent doses are referenced to 1g of calcium carbonate. So as an example, 5 tabs of 800mg sevelamer carbonate binds an equivalent amount of phosphorous (5 times 0.6 = 3) to 3 tabs of 500mg lanthanum carbonate (3 times 1.0 = 3).
Now, where ones phosphorous should ideally be is unclear (as nicely pointed out over at PBF a while back) as is the choice of agent (unless you count the realization that chronic aluminum binders where a bad deal).
Both the KDOQI and KDIGO guidelines don't endorse any one class binders over any other (again, excluding aluminum) though KDIGO gives a "2C = we suggest based on low grade evidence" that calcium based binders be restricted in the presence of arterial calcification, adynamic bone disease or persistently low PTH. KDOQI, based on expert opinion, suggests that the amount of calcium from binders be limited to 1.5g/day (there are 200mg of calcium in a 500mg calcium carbonate tab and 169mg of calcium in a 667mg tab of calcium acetate).