Health knowledge made personal
Join this community!
› Share page:
Go
Search posts:

What is the natural history of infective endocarditis vegetation ?

Posted Jan 12 2011 11:09am

What happens to vegetation following  successful therapy ?

  1. It regresses almost completely  and become sterile
  2. It regresses about 50 % volume   but continue to harbor  live  viable bacteria
  3. Gets sterile   but  does not regress ,
  4. Vegetation vanishes completely .Gets dissolved circulation as micro particles.
  5. Appears slightly bulky.

Answer.

Each of the above statement can be true in different patients  at  / different times.  However No  1, is generally the dominant theme.

  • Most of the small vegetations disappear fully.
  • Large vegetations (>2 cm) almost never disappear fully .
  • Fungal vegetation is notoriously known  for a long haul battle
  • Systemic embolism is an important mode of  vegetation clearance from heart.
  • Size of vegetation is an independent indication for surgery .
  • Combination of vegetation with super added layer of  thrombus is common.The thrombus lyses in due course , mimicking thrombus regression.
  • Paradoxically healed vegetations may appear dense in  2 D echocadiography ,which may be wrongly interpreted as a growing vegetation.
  • The risk of recurrent vegetation formation remains till the raw area is completely endothelised.Hence antibiotics are given up to 4-6 weeks.

Persistent  culture negativity may be a  good index  for  successful management . But a negative blood culture  does not in any – way imply  absence of vegetation.


Post a comment
Write a comment:

Related Searches