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What is epicardial ventricular tachycardia ?

Posted Feb 19 2009 5:30pm

Ventricular tachycardia as a group , constitute a major  group of cardiac arrhythmias. Most of the VTs are managed  by cardioversion  followed by medical management.  Few require , implantable defibrillator when there is severe LV dysfucntion .(ICD) Localising the origin of  VT and subsequent , ablation is the treatment of choice in some of the  patients  with VT.

Traditionally VT was thought to arise fro the endocardial aspects of myocardium. Now  we realise many times VT originate from the epicardial aspects of  ventricle.

Epicardial VT : Defintion

Epicardial ventricular tachycardia (VT) is defined as VT in which the critical sites of the reentrant circuit (or the ‘sites of origin’) are located exclusively in the subepicardial tissue, as shown by entrainment manoeuvres or VT that is terminated within 10 s with standard radiofrequency (RF) pulses, or both.  E. SOSA,M. SCANAVACCA et  all   http://www.springerlink.com/content/w608142674154tp5/  

 

  How to recognise epicardial origin of VT by surface ECG ?

  • Terminal S wave in V2 and q in lead 1 strongly suggest VT of sub epicardial origin.
  • Pseudodelta wave 
  • Intrinsicoid deflection time of  85 ms
  • RS complex duration of  >120msec

Suggest   epicardial origin of the VTs.

Important Links

http://www.circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/113/13/1659  

http://circ.ahajournals.org/cgi/content/full/109/15/1842   ( Must  read)

http://cogprints.org/4222/2/tada.pdf

 

What is the clincal significance of epicardial VT ?

Endo cardial ablation  not likely to be successful

Trans pericardial approach may be needed.

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