Age Through early middle age, high blood pressure is more common in men. Women are more likely to develop high blood pressure after menopause. This is due to range of things that change as we age. One of the most important is that our arteries become less flexible with age. This means that they cannot expand so easily, so it is like forcing the same volume of fluid through a narrower pipe. This results in an increase in pressure.
Alcohol Having more than two or three drinks in a sitting can also temporarily raise your blood pressure, as it may cause your body to release hormones that increase your blood flow and heart rate. Regular, sustained consumption of more than moderate amounts of alcohol raises blood pressure.
Diabetes Having diabetes increases your risk of getting high blood pressure.
High cholesterol If you have high cholesterol you are more likely to get blockage of arteries. The development of plaque in your arteries can make the arteries narrower and less elastic. In addition to potentially giving you a heart attack.
Heredity High blood pressure tends to run in families. If your parents and other close relatives have/had high blood pressure you have an increased likelihood of developing high blood pressure.
High salt diet Many people (but not all) have salt-sensitive high blood pressure. Too much sodium in your diet can cause your body to retain fluid, which increases blood pressure. The DASH diet (Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension) is a diet developed at National Heart Lung and Blood Institute (National Institutes of Health) that is low in sodium and high in heart healthy foods