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What are the possible risks and causes of prostate cancer

Posted Nov 14 2012 7:38pm

The exact causes of prostate cancer are not known, but is clear that some DNA mutations may be linked to the risk of getting prostate cancer, as well as certain risk factors increase the chances that a man gets prostate cancer at some point of their life.

The DNA we inherit is not clearly linked to the chance of developing prostate cancer, but rather the changes and mutations in the DNA during a man’s life are linked to the greater possibility of getting it.

The quicker the prostate cells divide themselves and grow, the greater the chances of developing DNA mutations during these processes.

Here are some of the risks and causes for prostate cancer

Research is being done to find if there really is a correlation between some of the male hormones and the risks of getting prostate cancer, but no firm evidence and proven links have been found yet.

The risk factors, which are known to increase the chances of a man developing prostate cancer are still to be clearly proven and confirmed, but here are several correlations which have been found to be true:

The age factor: the older the man gets, the greater the risk of developing prostate cancer. Actually, it is very rare for men under 40 to be diagnosed with this type of cancer.  As men grow older, the chances of being diagnosed jumps in the 50’s and then once again in the 60’s. In fact, the most cases of prostate cancer are found in men over the age of 65.  About 80% of all men over the age of 80 have some form of prostate cancer.

Race: in the USA higher number of African American men are diagnosed with prostate cancer than of any other race, and the risk is lowest in Asian American and Hispanic men.

Nationality: Prostate cancer is diagnosed more often in America and Western Europe than in Asia, Africa or South America– it is not clear whether the reason for this correlation is the more thorough screening and testing in North America and Western Europe though.

Hereditary: prostate cancer looks like it is hereditary. The risk is higher if you have close relatives diagnosed with the same kind of cancer (brother, father).

No clear links have been found in the diet, drinking and smoking habits of men and the risk of developing prostate cancer. Even though certain scientists have suggested that the fact that Americans from African descent are much more likely to develop prostate cancer that people from Africa, means the diet and lifestyle do have a correlation to prostate cancer (especially eating more animal fat and less vegetables and fruits).

Other correlations and possible causes for prostate cancer

Some sort of correlation was found between men who are obese and inactive and the higher chance of them being diagnosed with prostate cancer.

One possible correlation has been noticed between prostatis (prostate inflammation), STDs and the risk of getting prostate cancer, but again no scientific proof exists.

The prostate is a small but important gland in the male body, which with the years usually becomes enlarged caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia, which is very common and has nothing to do with developing prostate cancer – at least no scientific proof is found that the BPH virus can cause prostate cancer.  If such a correlation is found this will allow for a vaccine to be made to, but again this will happen in years. If prostate cancer proves to be infectious, it will be one of the  few type of cancers caused directly by infections (such as was proven for cervical cancer and a vaccine was developed).

Men who take aspirin on a daily basis as a blood thinner also have been found to have lower rates of developing prostate cancer.

There are some theories that there are certain type of food which will help reduce the risk of getting prostate cancer, including: tomatoes, tomato juice, grapefruit, and watermelon, which all are known to contain lycopene, a chemical which lowers the  risk of prostate cancer. Other studies show that the intake of vitamins E, selenium, and cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts also help prevent the development of prostate cancer.

On the other hand, some research shows that the higher intake of calcium (such as from dairy foods) may increase the risk of developing prostate cancer.

Still, it is not quite clear if there really is a correlation between the diet and the risk of prostate cancer. A good idea is to eat healthy and lead a healthier lifestyle, which will generally improve your wellbeing and decrease the risk of contracting life-threatening diseases including lowering risk and minimizing the causes for prostatic cancer.

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