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Typhoid fever

Posted Dec 13 2009 12:00am

Typhoid fever is an infectious feverish disease, it is a bacterial infection usually caused by salmonella typhii though UK experts prefer the name Salmonella enteritica serovar Typhi, but the US call it Salmonella typhi.
Classic typhoid fever is a serious disease and could life-threatening, but  antibiotics are effective treatment. Typhoid infection includes drowsiness, headache, fever (onset of fever is slow and rises in stepladder mode), and slow pulse as compared to the rise in temperature.
Untreated typhoid may also result in meningitis, an acute infection of the meninges of the brain. The symptoms presented in such complication are the characteristic combination of fever, headache and stiffness in neck.
Typhoid fever is transmitted from human to human via food or drinking water, and it’s therefore mainly hygiene and sanitary conditions that determine its spread. causes typhoid fever Typhoid fever is caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria, which  spreads through contaminated food, drink, or water. After the ingestion of contaminated food or drink, the Salmonella bacteria invade the small intestine and enter the bloodstream temporarily. The bacteria are carried by white blood cells in the liver, spleen, and bone marrow. The bacteria then multiply in the cells of these organs and reenter the bloodstream. Patients develop symptoms, including fever, when the organism reenters the bloodstream. Bacteria invade the gallbladder, biliary system, and the lymphatic tissue of the bowel. Here, they multiply in high numbers. The bacteria pass into the intestinal tract and can be identified for diagnosis in cultures from the stool tested in the laboratory. Stool cultures are sensitive in the early and late stages of the disease but often need to be supplemented with blood cultures to make the definite diagnosis. Someone who has typhoid fever is most contagious during the first week of the illness. The patient should therefore be isolated during this time, if possible. As well as a person with the disease being infectious, typhoid can also be caught from a carrier. A carrier is someone who still has typhoid bacteria in their system after they have recovered from the disease. symptoms of typhoid fever poor appetite, headaches, generalized aches and pains, fever, lethargy, and diarrhea. Other symptoms may include: Abdominal tenderness Agitation Bloody stools Chills Confusion Difficulty paying attention (attention deficit) Delirium Fluctuating mood Hallucinations Nosebleeds Severe fatigue Slow, sluggish, lethargic feeling Weakness
Typhoid fever is an infectious feverish disease, it is a bacterial infection usually caused by salmonella typhii though UK experts prefer the name Salmonella enteritica serovar Typhi, but the US call it Salmonella typhi.
Classic typhoid fever is a serious disease and could life-threatening, but  antibiotics are effective treatment. Typhoid infection includes drowsiness, headache, fever (onset of fever is slow and rises in stepladder mode), and slow pulse as compared to the rise in temperature.
Untreated typhoid may also result in meningitis, an acute infection of the meninges of the brain. The symptoms presented in such complication are the characteristic combination of fever, headache and stiffness in neck.
Typhoid fever is transmitted from human to human via food or drinking water, and it’s therefore mainly hygiene and sanitary conditions that determine its spread.
Causes Of  Typhoid Fever
Typhoid fever is caused by the Salmonella typhi bacteria, which  spreads through contaminated food, drink, or water. After the ingestion of contaminated food or drink, the Salmonella bacteria invade the small intestine and enter the bloodstream temporarily.
The bacteria are carried by white blood cells in the liver, spleen, and bone marrow. The bacteria then multiply in the cells of these organs and reenter the bloodstream. Patients develop symptoms, including fever, when the organism reenters the bloodstream. Bacteria invade the gallbladder, biliary system, and the lymphatic tissue of the bowel. Here, they multiply in high numbers.
The bacteria pass into the intestinal tract and can be identified for diagnosis in cultures from the stool tested in the laboratory. Stool cultures are sensitive in the early and late stages of the disease but often need to be supplemented with blood cultures to make the definite diagnosis.
Someone who has typhoid fever is most contagious during the first week of the illness. The patient should therefore be isolated during this time, if possible. As well as a person with the disease being infectious, typhoid can also be caught from a carrier. A carrier is someone who still has typhoid bacteria in their system after they have recovered from the disease.
Symptoms of typhoid fever

Poor appetite,
Headaches,
Generalized aches and pains,
Fever,
Lethargy, and
Diarrhea.
typhoid fever. Typhoid fever
Other symptoms may include:
Abdominal tenderness
Agitation
Bloody stools
Chills
Confusion
Difficulty paying attention (attention deficit)
Delirium
Fluctuating mood
Hallucinations
Nosebleeds
Severe fatigue
Slow, sluggish, lethargic feeling
Weakness

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