The prostate gland is not very large but is important to producing the liquid which feeds as well as transports the semen.. The growth of the cells in the prostate gland is stimulated by the male sex hormone called testosterone. Though its causes are unknown, prostate cancer is a frightening prospect for men. Apart from threatening their lives, this type of cancer can greatly affect their sexuality. Possible consequences of treatment ( The procedure may have been effective in keeping someone alive.) include problems controlling your bladder and erectile dysfunction. . Prostate cancer progresses very slowly and the early stages show little or no symptoms. It is possible, if detected early, that treatment will be effective and you will have minimal side effects. . Once the cancer spreads (metastizes) treatment becomes more difficult.
A man’s vulnerability to prostate cancer increases with age. prostate cancer is often not lethal, many men discover they have prostate cancer late in life, and prostate cancer is not the cause of their death.. The prostate, which is surrounded by the urethra, is squeezed as the cancer grows.. Signs and symptoms begin to appear with urgency in urination, difficulty in starting urination, a dull persistent ache in the lower pelvic area and painful urination with a very slow flow. -Intermittent urine flow, and a sensation that the bladder is not empty -Frequent urination, sometimes including blood -Painful ejaculation -Persistent pain in the bones, lower back, hip and thighs -General ill health, loss of appetite, and decline in weight
If the cells from the cancerous prostrate break away, the cancer will spread. Prostate cancer often metastisizes, or spreads, to other areas of the body including the bones, lymph nodes, lungs and sometimes the brain.
Prostate Cancer Risk Factors The Risk Factors of Prostate Cancer increases with age. Heredity, as with most cancers, is a major factor in being diagnosed with cancer. For reasons unknown, African-American men seem to have a higher risk of prostate cancer. A fat -rich diet and sedentary lifestyle also contributes to the risk. Development of cancer cells can sometimes be blamed on fat casuing an increased level of testosterone. High levels of testosterone mean higher chances of developing prostate cancer. Males who are more likely to get the disease have either suffered from hypogonadism or may have undergone testosterone therapy. Even though there is no definite proof of this, a vasectomy can result in prostate cancer.
Prostate Cancer can be detected by a routine screening test. A DRE (Digital Rectal Examination), which involves inserting a gloved finger into the rectum, helps the doctor to examine the prostate. There could be problems if there is a change in the shape or size of any glands. A prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test analyzes a blood sample for the levels of PSA. When a level higher than normal is detected, a possibility is a prostate infection or cancer. A transrectal ultrasound helps to further evaluate the prostate using sound waves. If initial tests produce positive results, a prostate biopsy may be done to verify the presence of cancer. If cancer is confirmed, the next step is to investigate the spread of the cancer. To confirm a diagnosis, a variety of imaging studies may be used including a bone scan, a CT scan or an ultrasound. The mode of treatment directly depends on how aggressive the cancer is. For most men, a combination of treatments , a range of treatment options including surger, radiation combined with hormone therapy, or chemotherapy may prove effective. The best way to reduce the risk from prostate cancer is to eat a diet rich in fiber and low in fat. Regular exercise also helps.