Likewise, when it comes to eating habits, we need to take into account cultural, ethnic & religious factors. But what separates diet & medications from cars, music & movies is the evidence available to support one's claim to best. And when it comes to diets, only the Mediterranean diet has continuous, consistent & compelling evidence to support its adoption. Most recently, a randomized controlled trial of the Mediterranean diet was shown to be better than placebo at preventing an initial cardiac event . Of course, we've always had plenty of observational data suggesting benefit from eating in a manner similar to the Mediterranean diet.
The best news is that earlier this week, a prospective, population-based, cohort study was published in Neurology in which the authors concluded that greater adherence to the Mediterranean diet was linked to lower risk of cognitive impairment. They followed 17,478 participants for an avg of 4yrs during which time cognitive status was assessed annually while food frequency was just assessed once at study onset.
And what of those other diets? While they can make any number of miraculous claims, none have peer-reviewed published outcome data to support their capitalistic attempts. So check out the Mediterranean diet and adopt your variation on a theme. No one stands to receive any (financial) gain, just you.
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