< p>Colon cancer is cancerof thehuge intestine (colon), the lower part of your digestive system. Colon melanoma is the second most typicalcancerwithin the USA with equal distribution in between men and women.
Colon cancermay affect any racial or ethnic group; nevertheless, some studies suggest that Americans of northern European heritage have a higher-than-average danger of colon tumours.
In nearly all cases colon canceris a treatable illness if caught early.
Colon generally starts with the appearance of benign growths such as polyps.
Development of colon at an early age, or at multiple sites, or recurrent colon melanoma, suggests a genetically transmitted form with theillness as opposed towards the sporadic form. Probably the mosttypical colon melanoma cell kind is adenocarcinoma which accounts for 95% of cases.
The development of polyps with the colon generally precedes the improvement of colon cancer by five or more years. The American Gastroenterologial Association revised its screening guidelines in 2003 to recommend that individuals with two or much more first-degree relatives with colorectal or a first-degree relative with colon or rectal cancerbefore age 60 should have a screening colonoscopy beginning at age 40 or beginning 10 years prior towards the age of the earlier colon cancer diagnosis in their family (whichever is earliest).
Those with a first-degree relative diagnosed with colon cancerafter age 60 or two second-degree relative with colon or rectal cancershould start screening at age 40 with one of thetechniques listed above, for example annual sigmoidoscopy. Probably the mosttypical colon melanoma screening tests are colonoscopy, sigmoidoscopy, and fecal occult blood test.
CT scans and Barium enemas are also routinely utilized for diagnosis of colon and rectal cancers.
In colon cancer, chemotherapy following surgery is usually only given if the cancer has spread towards the lymph nodes (Stage III). There isn’t an absolute method for preventing colon cancer. Exercise is believed to reduce the risk of colon cancer. Apparently, no association exists in between frequency of bowel movement or laxative use and risk of colon melanoma.