Boils are red, swollen tender bump or bumps that are under the skin. They can also be considered an overgrown pimple because this is what it resembles. Boils are usually caused by infected hair follicles. The bacteria from the infection cause an abscess or a pocket of puss, which can become enlarged and very painful . The most common places are usually places where there is hair rubbing together. Such as the neck, face, armpits, breasts, groin and buttocks.
So who exactly is most likely to develop a boil? You might ask and the answer is anyone can get a boil. On the other hand people that may have a illness or that are on medications which might weaken the body’s immune system are more likely to develop boils. People who suffer from diabetes and kidney failure might experience boils due to the weakened immune system.
There are also many various types of boils which may appear on a person’s skin. These types include Furuncle or Carbuncle, Cyst Acne, Hidradenitis Suppurativa and Pilonidal Cyst. I will go more into detail with these in just a second.
First I think I will just explain how some of these are formed before I go into more depth about each one. Really there are many causes of boils. Various boils may be caused by ingrown hair. Some may even be caused from the result of a splinter or any other foreign object that may become lodged in the skin. And other boils such as acne can be caused by clogged sweat glands that become infected.
So now that we know how these boils may occur its time to go into more depth about each one.
• Furuncle or Carbuncle: is an abscess in the skin caused by the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus. A furuncle can have one or more entrances onto the skin and may be associated with a fever or chills.
• Cyst Acne: This is a type of abscess that is formed when oil ducts become plugged and infected. Cystic acne affects deeper skin tissue than the more superficial inflammation from common acne. Cystic acne is most common on the face and typically occurs in the teenage years.
• Hidradenitis Suppurativa: is a situation in which there are multiple abscesses that form under the armpits and often in the groin area. These areas are a result of local inflammation of the sweat glands. This form of skin infection is difficult to treat with antibiotics alone and typically requires a surgical procedure to remove the involved sweat glands in order to stop the skin inflammation.
• Pilonidal Cyst: is a unique kind of abscess that occurs in the crease of the buttocks. Pilonidal cysts often begin as tiny areas of infection in the base of the area of skin from which hair grows (the hair follicle). With irritation from direct pressure, over time the inflamed area enlarges to become a firm, painful, tender nodule that makes it difficult to sit without discomfort. These frequently form after long trips that involve prolonged sitting.