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A Primer on Antidepressants

Posted Jan 18 2010 11:21pm

There are an array of antidepressant medications for treating depression and illness wherein depression is its constituent like in bipolar disorder. Antidepressants help in improving depressive signs by augmenting the accessibility of particular brain chemical forms known as neurotransmitter that is considered to assist in improving emotions.

Chief forms of antidepressants comprise of:
  • TCA or Tricyclic Antidepressant Drugs
    These are a few of the foremost available antidepressant medicines utilised for treating depression. They essentially have an effect on the levels of duo neurotransmittersnamely norepinephrine and serotonin present in the brain. Though these drugs are effectualbut have accompanying added side effects like oral drynessblurry eyesightday stuporweight increasemuscular twitchesbeing constipatedbladder issues like urine withholdinggiddinesspalpitations and sexual issues.Drug Names – ElavilAnafranilAdapinAventylTofranil.
  • MAOI or Monoamine oxidase inhibitor
    Antidepressants medicationThis is one more type of antidepressant drug that was earlier availablehaving greater efficacy among those not responding to other forms of therapies and beneficial in other kinds of mental sickness. Matter present in particular food items like aging cheeseswinesbeersother alcoholic drinksavocadocurdtinned meatbananasoysoured cream-based foodssoup that has undergone packaging and some medicines could react with MAOIhence all those on the course of these drugs should strictly follow dietetic restraints. MAOI raise the levels of norepinephrine and serotonin in the brainthough associated grave side effects experienced are headachespalpitationchest achesneck rigidityfeeling nauseous and puking.Drug Names – ParnateNardilMarplan.
  • SSRI or Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
    These comparatively novel types of antidepressants function by raising serotonin levels in the brain. Side effects felt are sexual issues inclusive of less libido or incapable of being orgasmic are widely noted though could be reversedheadachefeeling nauseous from the instant one ingests the dosagesleeplessnessnervy.Drug Names – CelexaLexaproLuvoxPaxilZoloftPaxil.
  • SNRI or Serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor
    These are also a rather newer type of depression warding drug that work by raising serotonin and norepinephrine levels in the brain.
Other Antidepressant Drugs

Wellbutrin
This antidepressant could raise levels of norepinephrine and dopamine in the brain. Associated side effects include reduction in weightlowered carving for foodfeeling restlesssleeplessnessnervousnessfeeling constipatedoral drynessloose bowels and giddiness.

Cymbalta
This antidepressant drug raises amounts of serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. Side effects include feeling drowsyblurry eyesightfeeling lightheadedunusual delusionsfeeling constipatedfever or chilly sensationsheadacheslowered food cravingtremorsoral dryness and feeling nauseous. Even drugs like Remeron and Effexor have similar associated side effectsthough Remeron could sedate the person whereas Cymbalta could raise perspiration and cause hypertensionweariness and low energy levels.

Trazodone
This form of antidepressant functions by blocking several neurotransmitters to a certain extent. Other drugs like Desyrel and Ludiomil have analogous functioning. Desyrel could lead to side effects like lethargywearinesstremblingheadachesoral drynessfeeling nauseous and puking. Side effects sensed with Ludiomil involve headachesgiddinessoral drynesswearinessday drowsinessperspiration.

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