Psychotherapy is basically just an interpersonal relationship between the therapist and the person but in a more complex point, it is described as something that addresses mental health issues through conversing with a psychologist in order to learn more about your behavior, feelings, thoughts and overall mental condition. It is helpful in some people to properly respond to difficult situations and have control over their life and is applicable to all, not only to those with clinically diagnosed conditions.
There are a lot of particular kinds of psychotherapy characterized by its own approach that depends on each patient’s circumstance. Psychotherapy is also commonly referred to as therapy, counselling or talk therapy.
Most of the time, psychotherapy utilizes verbal conversation in order to diagnose and solve issues like communication, relationship and behavior change.
*Cognitive Therapy – helps a person solve problems through identifying dysfunctional emotions and mindset. Compared to behavior therapy, this concentrates on the person’s thoughts and how those affect the emotions. This is effective in altering negative thoughts that lead the person to act unproductively or feel bad in general. The idea is, if you could think differently you will feel better and act more positively.
*Behavior Therapy – mainly used to cure usual mental concerns like anxiety, depression or paranoia. This approach is largely based on the philosophical theory of behaviorism — the belief that human behavior is directly dependent on psychological issues. Behavior therapy is applied to alter a person’s responses and overall behavior for the better. It seeks to identify what we do that might cause the inappropriate behavior and how all of it affects us.
*Psychoanalysis or Psychodynamic Therapy – this is where therapists work with the person to probe his mind and understand its psychological functioning and address any internal conflict. Psychoanalysis aims to explore the subconscious mind to gain more insight into the person’s behavior and needs, thus enabling more control over how he handles and copes conflicts. It helps the person improve through learning what is happening inside him and how he interacts with the therapist himself.
Critics of psychotherapy as a cure are asserting that it is not the counselling sessions that help a person but the simple passing of time, ergo it is a clever ripoff. In addition, they believe that psychotherapy is turning out to replace the normal interaction that a person should have among family and friends.