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What is factory farming?

Posted Apr 26 2009 10:16pm 1 Comment
cows21 Last week we talked about sustainable and organic, and the difference between the two. This week, we’re going to delve into the real issue – factory farming and industrial agriculture. The differences between sustainable and organic aren’t as big when you compare them to industrial food production.

Factory farming and industrial agriculture are unsustainable systems that produce large volumes of food but have little to no regard for the environment, animal welfare, soil and water quality, food safety, worker rights, farmers or local communities. The focus is on maximizing profit and efficiency - but at great cost.

The terms factory farming and industrial agriculture are used interchangeably, though factory farming is generally used to explain industrial animal production and industrial agriculture tends to describe or include intensive crop production.

What is a factory farm?

A factory farm is a large industrial operation that raises many animals (usually cows, pigs, chickens or turkeys) in overcrowded, confined conditions. Some animals are raised indoors in metal sheds, where they never see sunlight and often live on concrete slats, their feet never touching the earth. Other animals (cows mainly) are raised outdoors on large feedlots, huge tracts of barren land, where they stand in mud and their own feces, with no grass or trees nearby. These animals are not permitted to carry out their natural behaviors, like rooting, pecking and grazing.

cakedwithmanure31 Because of the unsanitary, overcrowded conditions, animals often become sick. To combat this, the animals are given low daily doses of antibiotics, contributing to the growing danger of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. Both antibiotics and hormones are given to help the animals grow faster and bigger.

These facilities are so unlike farms that the government defines them as animal feeding operations or concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs). The difference between the two types is the number of animals raised.

What is industrial agriculture?

Industrial agriculture can include animal production but is also used to refer to a system of growing crops where one crop or monoculture (corn, soy and wheat, for example) is grown on hundreds or even thousands of acres of land. Heavy doses of chemical fertilizers are used to make up for the nutrient loss that comes from growing only one type of crop on the same soil season after season, and large amounts of pesticides are sprayed because growing one type of crop over such vast tracts of land leads to insect problems.

This type of food production relies on heavy machinery, and thus fossil fuels, and also minimizes the use of human labor.

Characteristics

Factory farming and industrial agriculture share several characteristics that define them as more like industrial facilities than farms, including:

Excessive size: Unnaturally large numbers of animals are raised in one spot, so that the land cannot properly handle the waste the animals generate. One crop can be raised on miles of land.

Environmental impact: Large amounts of chemical fertilizers and pesticides are applied to crops (both for animal feed and human consumption). These chemicals can not only get into the food, they often leach into the surrounding soil and can pollute rivers, streams and groundwater. On factory farms, open air pits – or lagoons – of manure hold millions of gallons of animal waste, which is often applied to or leaks onto the surrounding land, polluting groundwater and streams. Factory farms also cause air pollution, emitting foul odors, dust, small airborne particulates and numerous toxic chemicals.

Public health problems: The spread of food borne illness that can be transferred to humans is increased by factory farms’ overcrowded, confined, filthy conditions.

Disregard for animal welfare: Animals are confined in unsanitary, overcrowded conditions and cannot carry out their natural behaviors.

Corporate ownership: The owner of the facility does not live on the property and is often a company, not a person. These corporations often own not only the factory farm but also other aspects of the food production system, including the feed company, slaughterhouse and final stages of production.

Common names for industrial food production and operations include:

    Factory farm or farming
    Animal feeding operation
    Confined animal feeding operation (CAFO)
    Industrial animal production
    Industrial agriculture
    Conventional farming or agriculture

This is just a general overview of what a factory farm is – you can read more on Sustainable Table’s Factory Farming Issues page. Also, Participant Media (An Inconvenient Truth, Fast Food Nation, The Soloist) will be releasing Food, Inc. on June 12th – the movie is an expose on factory farms and the factory farm system. We’ll make sure to pass along movie updates as we get them.

Next week we’ll do a comparison of sustainable agriculture and factory farming so you can easily see the differences between the two types of farming.

(Diane Hatz is the Founder of Sustainable Table, Executive Producer of The Meatrix movies and co-Founder of the Eat Well Guide. This is the third installment in her blog series Sustainable Table's Guide to Good Food.)

Over 8,000 hogs are confined in the nine metal barns in the foreground.

Over 8,000 hogs are confined in the nine metal barns in the foreground. To the left is a shallow pit where manure sits before being sprayed on fields. A 20 million gallon manure lagoon (not pictured) holds the enormous amount of waste generated daily.

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Peace & Prosperity

Home Blog About Me Guestbook Photo Gallery Agha Dilbar My Open Letter (Blog) has been sent Eight Lak (800000) to International Community for the welfare of Humanity till today. I Agha Dilbar authorize Newspapers, Magazines, Internet, to Publish and Radio, T.V. Channels to broadcast this letter all round the World.Website: http://aghadilbar.webs.com Dear President Barrack Obamathe Great Leader of the WorldI Agha Dilbar have sent Mr. President 100 registered research Letters (1000 new ideas to develop America and to Change the World for Peace and Prosperity) Through Embassy of USA Islamabad till today and also direct sent these registered Letters to Whitehouse Washington DC 20500.These letters have been written on the guidelines of CHANGE WE NEED. And these letters are about the Common Men Problems of respected American Peoples and their Solutions. To end, Economic Recession, Unemployment and to Finish War, all round the World for Peace and Prosperity. In these letters I have sent one thousand new scientific Planning /Suggestions, about every walk of life for Peace through Friendship Progress and Prosperity all over the World.My dear Barack Obama, the great leader of the world, my friend, my brother, provide an opportunity to Agha Dilbar to pay an official visit to America, that we two brothers sit together and by halt this horrible war. if this war continues for 10 20 or 50 –year, it will never end.In this war 1-million people have died from 9/11 till today, if this war continues, it will become the 111- World War.200-Million people would die, if 111-World War is triggered) can take out 6.5 billion people of the World from abyss of destruction .We two brothers Barack Obama+ Agha Dillbar can put them on the road to Progress and Prosperity through Peace.Dear President Barrack Obama considers, from 9/11 till today, America has conducted many war operations in connection with War on Terror, resulting the circle of war has spread hundred times. Millions innocent persons have died.  In this war. Many  have been rendered homeless. One Lak (10000) war affected youth joined the army of Al-Qaida and Talban by the help of anti American countries have begun gorilla war in a horrible manner. It is the result of wrong war strategy. I Agha Dilbar desire to solve all above mentioned problems in a meeting with President Barrack Obama by adopting new revolutionary planning by bringing an end to present gorilla war in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan. As a result the World can enter in a peaceful, advanced and progressive world, May it be so!I Agha Dilbar have a new War Strategy to achieve success through Table Talk between Talban, Pakistan and American Gov. 90% of Talban that are fighting against Pak Army belong to Swat and Tribal Areas of NWFP. I can provide America all realistic facts in such manner that their implementation could convert these Talban into Patriotic Citizens of Pakistan. In this War Strategy Pakistan Gov will never send his Heavy Artillery, Tanks, Cannons and Air craft in war. In this way 5-million persons will never Displaced. In the end Talban by their will handover, their Weapons to Pakistan Gov, they will come to Table Talk and Suicide Bombing will come to an end in Pakistan. Through this War Strategy Pakistani and American Gov can save expenses on war. Through this planning American and Pakistani Gov can utilize their saving on war budgets for development of Schools, Hospitals, Colonies, Markets, Industry, Roads, Bridges, Dams, Canals of Swat and Tribal Areas of NWFP that are war affected.Due to wrong war strategies of the American and NATO forces.
The war on terror is getting worst mainly due to use of air craft, tanks, Cannons.
Because nine innocent people are killed for a single terrorist this way in these circumstances thousands
of innocent people lose their life or properties and any other source of income.
In the result many people join terrorist or become suicide bomber. As they think there is no other way to take revenge of the innocents killing of their relatives these are the basic reasons that hundreds of suicides are generated very quickly and easily in Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iraq particularly who further kill thousands of other innocent public.
On account of present war strategy, Billion Dollars are being wasted yearly.
This war can cause Fall of America instead of continuation of war; my best suggestion for America must keep his Supper Power on the World and should conquer the World instead of war, but by his No-1 scientific technology spending on agriculture, industry, trade, education, scientific development and tourism, all round the World. Making an end to Economic Crisis in America.
A new Global Package is being offered for your kind consideration America will have to make complete and final announcement that in future all Multinational American Companies will get free land on 20-years lease and will set up under the BOOT agreement (in undeveloped and poor countries) factories, mills five star hotels, schools, colleges, universities, hospitals, air companies, shipping companies, latest railway, bus transport and steel mills. All these companies will be bound to handover without any cost to under developed and poor countries well as their machinery and transport after 20-yaars. A new suggestion in connection with Global Peace is offered that in return of export American Agriculture and Industrial Products, will give his 50% profit to the exporting countries and utilize as Aid on the development of agriculture, industry, trade, education and tourism. This suggestion, making an end to American Economic Crisis and get full support to enhance his Foreign Public Relation
. May it be so!
To make successful American Foreign Policy at Global Level the following planning is put before:a) America will have to provide free scholar ships at least to ten top master students (in each country) of medical and science in underdeveloped and poor countries of the world.b) Highly educated and well trained one hundred cultural groups (each group contains 100 persons) will have to arrange one hundred cultural shows for three months in big cities of underdeveloped and poor countries.c) America will have to arrange exhibitions through his Embassies for his latest products, in the underdeveloped and poor countries .All these mentioned above industrial exhibitions will be arranged continuously for two months. In the above mentioned exhibitions present products will be sold except export order booking. In these exhibitions, American Cultural Programs will have to arrange and American Traditional Dishes will be kept for sale. In these exhibitions American Tourism Stalls will also be put-up.Following rules and regulations will be undertaken for the progress and prosperity of American students.a) Among metric, Fsc, Bsc, (eng} .Mbbs, Llb, Ca and diploma holders in all institutions, all those receiving degrees at the state level, ten each from girls and boys by cash prizes will be announced on behalf of the gov during invitation on lunch.b) For above mentioned top ten intelligent students boys and girls each, tours for different historical and healthy sites will be arranged free of cast.c) Sport Talent Schools of international level will be set up over the country at the district level, in which students of extra-ordinary sports talent taught from class one to Fsc level.d) American states gov will announce free transport, free medical facilities and free lunch during education to all school, college and university students.
Minimize the aforesaid differences, which I will deliver to president
the increasing distress and hatred between the Muslim world and America is the major cause of weak relationship on public and government level.
 As a sincere friend I have practical suggestions to Barack Obama in my official visit to America.
I request the government of America to allow me to describe (first of all my briefing with president’s advisors). My one thousand plans & ideas for changing the world before one to one meeting with the president Barack obama.thanks
Today we are presenting a new planning in America for the rapid progress in industry.
 
American government will allow to 50% relief in the following things. Petrol, dizel, electricity,
gas and water bills 
 
For the establishment of new industries in industrial zone American government will allow 25%relief in taxes .
 
1) Sugar mills, textile mills, Garment Industry
2) Shoes tire tube factory.

3) Milk powder industry, tin pack fruit industry, ornament industry, carpet industry.
4) Frozen fish, chicken beef, and meat industry.
6) Dairy forming, poultry forming, fish forming, cattle forming, fruit forming.
7) Vegetable forming biscuit sweet industry hotel industry.
8) Electronic industry, sanitary industry paint industry.
9) Furniture industry.
10) Steel mill industry.
11) Engine industry.
12) Aero plane industry and shipping industry.
13) Computer and mobile industry.
14) Medicine industry fertilizer industry and insecticide industry.
15) Car, bus truck loader, harvester industry. I Agha Dilbar have sent Ten Million research Peace Letters to International Community from 9/11 incident till today. This letter is my Great Peace Mission plan which is continued. Present Global Economic Crisis is the result of War on Terror. This Crisis if further accelerates could initiate a 111-World War. Please hear my Voice of Truth; I can save the World, for my Great Peace Mission, with the help of President Barrack Obama, Peace and Prosperity.The Government of America will announce to provide free home facility to employees after 20 year of service as per following rules and regulations. 1. For providing free home facility to their employees after retirement the government will deduct 2 ½% amounts for their monthly salaries. 2. The government of America will deduct 2 ½% amounts of salaries to the employee and will deposit the same in government treasury which shall be paid to the housing company on allotment of plots. 3. The housing company shall provide beautiful home to the government or non government employee after 20 year of service. 4. The people not acquiring home after 20 year of service shall be paid in whole by deducted total amount from their salaries during their employment.
The government of America should follow the below regulations immediately. For giving facilities to the government and
private employees.
 The employees working in America shall be given pension from the government treasury equivalent to 50%        Of their salaries.
 
Such employees who suffer from disabilities shall be given insurance benefits for their whole lives for the government treasury.        And their children of the employees who face death also be paid insurance to their parent’s salary.
 
All the employees working in America shall given free transportation, medical facility, food and living during their tenure.
Employees leaving their jobs in America shall be paid given 3 months advance salary.
 
President Barack Obama will become more popular by taking above action, and industry wills also prosper more in America.
      
 Ten thousand small dams planning during seven years in USA as a result of this planning ten million
people shall obtain employment. Other than doubling the electricity shall also benefit fish forming, tourism, agriculture

and trading.
 To obtain the subjective following rules and regulation shall be observed. Government and private institutes of America shall pay 5%share of their income        In the new international development of corporation (IDC).
 
 
     2.IDC shall invest to build ten thousand new hydro electric dams adjacent to all the rivers
        with 100 km.
     
      3.From these small dames network of rivers shall be obtained this benefit fish forming and tourism spot.
 
      4.1500 hundred Dams shall be built each year at every cost.
     
       5. To speed up the progress of IDC government state government, arms forces and semi government
       organizations shall help and support the implementation of these small dams.
      The following regulations would be implanted to install American institutions of international standard for progress and construction in all the backward countries of the world.In the suggested institutions, the 50% investment would be done by American government, and these institutions would work private autonomous bodies.In the underdeveloped countries, the developmental institutions would sell these services privately in the following fields, in collaborations with the suggested institutions.Roads and bridgesIndustrial zonesHousing projectsCar, bus and truck industriesAgriculture projectsSchools, colleges and universitiesHospitals and nursing training institutesPoultry fish and cattle farm training institutesPaper sugar and furniture industriesTextile and garment industriesMilk powder and tin pack fruit industriesGhee oil and soap industriesElectronic and electric industriesEngineering industriesSteel railway aero plane and shipping industries To bring an agriculture and industrial revolution, the following regulations would be implementeda)   In America, all the agricultural and technical institutions would be given following concessions instantly.1)   All the new and old agriculture and technical institutes would be from all kind of taxes i-e income Tex, sales tax and property tax2)   In America, all technical and agricultural training institutes would get 50% investment from federal and provincial governments3)   Free books would be provided to students studying in these institutes of international stand red.4)   All the expenses of students studying in these institutes would be borne by the federal and provincial governments.5)   New courses of international stand red would be planned to teach in these agricultural and technical institutes. . During the next seven years in America, the foiling rules and regulations would be observed to install one million wind mills and one million off shore tide tribunes. In the result of implanting the suggested plan, besides a large scale of production of pollution free electrical energy, there will be great development in employment, agriculture and industry1)    Federal and states government would announce no tax on wind mills and off shore tide tribunes.2)    To install wind mills and off shore tide tribunes the federal and states governments provide free land near off shore.3)    To act upon the above mentioned plan, the federal and states governments America would announce to provide 50% capital to initiate the business.
    
Mr. Barack Obama you are not only the Leader of America, you are Great Leader of the World. In this connection I am waiting for your Email response, dated 2.10.2009.
Please Confirm.
Thank you, God blesses you and God bless America.Agha Dilbar (founder)
International Revolution Movement
64-neelum block ait Lahore (Pakistan)
Phone:   0092427830084
Cell 03224628349
Email 
aghadilbar4@gmail.comWebsite   http://aghadilbar.webs.com/This Open Letter has been sent Eight Lak (800000) to International Community for the welfare of Humanity till today. I Agha Dilbar authorize Newspapers, Magazines, Internet to publish and Radio, T.V. Channels to broadcast this letter all round the World . I Agha Dilbar challenge with 100% trust that own result of my meeting with Barack Obama  war on terror and suicide attacks in PAKISTAN, AFGHANISTAN ,IRAQ And all over the WORLD could be put to an end and due to this great success Barack Obama would be able to rule the America till 2016. And on my return of my official visit from America the world will be set on the way of implementing the CHANGE WE NEED. Live with Dignity and Die with Grace. It has been extraordinary to read and hear, some of the things I did my decision alone by the voice of God, who called me in my heart.Mystery of success to rule the WorldPeace through friendship progress and prosperity. Thanks Members Area Sign In or Register

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