The terms spring cabbage, summer cabbage, fall cabbage and
winter cabbage refer to the season in which the cabbage is harvested.
Cabbage grows best when it comes to harvest in cool
temperatures and short days; cabbage heads do not develop in hot weather.
Cabbage demands a constant, even supply of moisture; cabbage does not grow well
where it is dry or hot.
Cabbage is a spring and fall crop in cold-winter regions;
it is a winter crop in mild-winter regions. Summer cabbage is successful only
where the summers are cool.
Spring and summer cabbages are for fresh eating right
after harvest; they have smaller heads. Fall and winter cabbages have tight,
dense heads; they can be left in the garden longer and are good for storing
Cabbage cultivars mature over a wide range of days: early
or early-to-maturity cabbages mature in 50 to 60 days; mid-season, or
main-season cabbages mature in 70 to 85 days; late-season or long-staying
cabbages require 85 or more days to reach maturity and harvest.
a cabbage cultivar or multiple cultivars to match your climate as well as when
you plan to harvest. Keep in mind that all cabbages must come to maturity in
cool weather; cabbages grow best before temperatures average more than 65°F. (The
temperature growing range for cabbage is 45°F to 75°F; cabbages can withstand
temperatures as low as 20°F and are likely to bolt above 80°F).
Early season or early-to-maturity and mid-season cabbage
cultivars can be planted in early spring for harvest before summer comes or in
mid- to late-summer for fall or early winter harvest. (Plan your harvest date
and then count backwards to determine your planting date.)
Late-season--greater number of days to maturity--cultivars
can be planted in late spring and summer for fall and winter harvesting or in
mid- to late summer or fall for spring harvesting the following year.