In steam cooking or steaming, the boiling water never comes in contact with the food. Heat from the steam is gentle and uniform. It slowly diffuses through the food and let the food cook in its own juice thus minimizing loss of nutrients and retaining its texture and flavor.
Popular steam cooking dishes in Konkani cuisine are Pathrodo, Idli, Undi ( sweet & salt ), Sannan / Sandan, Khotte, Sevai ( Idiyappam ), Modak, Puttu, Patholi, MudhaIdli, Steamed Kele ( Kerala Banana ), PelkaiGathi ( JackfruitAdye ), Turmeric Leaf Gatti ....
Other popular steam cooking dishes are Dim sum, steamed bun, momos, rice parcels, dhokla, patranimaach, steamed fish, steamed vegetables, steamed chicken, steamed low calorie puddings, Bhapaillish, Ilayada ...
Benefits of Steam Cooking
1. Retains food valuable nutrients, vitamins and minerals.
2. Maintains food moisture and freshness.
3. Keeps food vibrant colors and natural flavors.
4. Softens food fibres, making food tender and easily digestible.
5. Discard the need for cooking oil or fat, resulting in light and healthy meals.
6. Cooks almost all kinds of food from vegetables to meats to seafood to fruits and pasta.
7. Cooks food fast and easy - cooks a complete meal in just under 30 minutes.
8. Cooks over a single heat source a load of different layers of food stacked one on top of the other - saves time, energy and money.
9. Keeps your kitchen clean - no oil, no smoke, no mess - cleaning up is easy.
More Tips On Steam Cooking!
Do ensure you cover the steamer or pot or saucepan with a tight fitting lid.
Do keep an eye on the cooking time: the heat during cooking is intense and it is easy to overcook. Become familiar with the various periods needed to cook each type of food.
Do not let the boiling water or stock touch the steaming equipment.
Do not let the water or liquid boil dry. Check the level every 15 to 20 minutes and top up with water or stock as required.
Do not leave food in the steamer after cooking, even with the heat turned off, as it will continue to cook and possibly overcooked or spoil your food.