First Aid for Heart attack , Burns, Cuts, Fracture and Poisons and bites
Posted Apr 07 2009 11:34pm
Pain, discomfort or squeezing at the centre of the chest
Pain radiating to shoulder ( s ) , neck, back, arm ( s ) or jaw
Stabbing chest pan
Shortness of breath
Nausea , vomiting or severe indigestion
Sweating for no apparent reason
Dizziness and weakness
Make the victim lie down
Call an emergency ambulance service ( Apollo Hospitals Chennai – Ambulance Service, call – 1066 )
Take an aspirin dissolved in a glass of water
Place a Sorbitrate under the victim’s tongue
Check whether the victim is breathing. If not start artificial respiration. The procedure is :
Tilt the head back and lift up the chin. Close nostrils by pinching them together. Take a deep breath and seal your mouth over the victim’s. Breath slowly into person’s mouth. It should take about two seconds to adequately inflate the chest. Do this twice. Check whether victim’s chest is rising as you breathe in. If there is resistance , try to hold the head back further and lift the chin again. Repeat the procedure until help arrives or the person starts breathing again.
FIRST AID FOR BURNS
Mild burns can be cured treated with ointment or spray
Cool the burnt area with running water for several times
Never apply butter or oil any burn
Over - the – counter pain relievers such as Ibuprofen or acetaminophen can be used on a mild burn
Burns on the face and neck can sometimes swell to cause difficulty in breathing and restrict blood flow. In such a case , call ambulance immediately.
While the burn is healing , wear loose natural clothing such as light cotton.
Get emergency medical help if the victim experiences dizziness , confusion , weakness , fever or chills , shivering or cold sweats.
FIRST AID FOR CUTS
Minor cut should be cleaned with water. Avoid soap.
Remove dirt or debris in the wound. Apply antibiotic ointment.
Dress the wound
Change the dressing daily
Apply gentle pressure if bleeding persists
Consult a doctor in case of delayed healing of wounds , pus discharge and fever
Points to note :
Do not clean a major wound
Do not remove deeply lodged debris
Do not breathe on an open wound
Do not push back exposed body parts
FIRST AID FOR FRACTURE
Find out how the accident occurred and the location of the injury.
Check the pulse. If the pulse is not found on arms or legs, the injury requires immediate surgical care.
Lightly squeeze the fingers or toes near the injury . If you are sure those digits are unaffected. Ask the victim what he feels. Loss of sensation is a sign of nerve or spinal damage . In such a case , do not move the victim , get medical assistance immediately. Do not let the victim move until medical help arrives.
Check for nerve damage by asking the victim to wiggle fingers or toes near the injured region. If the fingers or toes are injured, do not let the victim move them.
If bone is protruding , cover with clean cloth once bleeding is controlled.
Do not massage the affected area or straighten broken bone.
Do not move the victim without supporting the broken bone. Don’t move joints above or below the fracture and avoid giving the victim oral liquid or food.
FIRST AID FOR POISONS AND BITES
Animal Bite :
Wash area with mild soap and warm water for five minutes to remove foreign matter.
Use pressure to stop bleeding
If the wound is swollen, apply ice wrapped in a towel for 10 minutes