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First Aid for Heart attack , Burns, Cuts, Fracture and Poisons and bites

Posted Apr 07 2009 11:34pm


HEART ATTACK

Symptom

Pain, discomfort or squeezing at the centre of the chest

Pain radiating to shoulder ( s ) , neck, back, arm ( s ) or jaw

Stabbing chest pan

Palpitations

Shortness of breath

Nausea , vomiting or severe indigestion

Sweating for no apparent reason

Dizziness and weakness

FIRST AID

Make the victim lie down

Call an emergency ambulance service ( Apollo Hospitals Chennai – Ambulance Service, call – 1066 )

Take an aspirin dissolved in a glass of water

Place a Sorbitrate under the victim’s tongue

Check whether the victim is breathing. If not start artificial respiration. The procedure is :

Tilt the head back and lift up the chin. Close nostrils by pinching them together. Take a deep breath and seal your mouth over the victim’s. Breath slowly into person’s mouth. It should take about two seconds to adequately inflate the chest. Do this twice. Check whether victim’s chest is rising as you breathe in. If there is resistance , try to hold the head back further and lift the chin again. Repeat the procedure until help arrives or the person starts breathing again.

FIRST AID FOR BURNS

Mild burns can be cured treated with ointment or spray

Cool the burnt area with running water for several times

Never apply butter or oil any burn

Over - the – counter pain relievers such as Ibuprofen or acetaminophen can be used on a mild burn

Burns on the face and neck can sometimes swell to cause difficulty in breathing and restrict blood flow. In such a case , call ambulance immediately.

While the burn is healing , wear loose natural clothing such as light cotton.

Get emergency medical help if the victim experiences dizziness , confusion , weakness , fever or chills , shivering or cold sweats.

FIRST AID FOR CUTS

Minor cut should be cleaned with water. Avoid soap.

Remove dirt or debris in the wound. Apply antibiotic ointment.

Dress the wound

Change the dressing daily

Apply gentle pressure if bleeding persists

Consult a doctor in case of delayed healing of wounds , pus discharge and fever

Points to note :

Do not clean a major wound

Do not remove deeply lodged debris

Do not breathe on an open wound

Do not push back exposed body parts

FIRST AID FOR FRACTURE

Find out how the accident occurred and the location of the injury.

Check the pulse. If the pulse is not found on arms or legs, the injury requires immediate surgical care.

Lightly squeeze the fingers or toes near the injury . If you are sure those digits are unaffected. Ask the victim what he feels. Loss of sensation is a sign of nerve or spinal damage . In such a case , do not move the victim , get medical assistance immediately. Do not let the victim move until medical help arrives.

Check for nerve damage by asking the victim to wiggle fingers or toes near the injured region. If the fingers or toes are injured, do not let the victim move them.

If bone is protruding , cover with clean cloth once bleeding is controlled.

Do not massage the affected area or straighten broken bone.

Do not move the victim without supporting the broken bone. Don’t move joints above or below the fracture and avoid giving the victim oral liquid or food.

FIRST AID FOR POISONS AND BITES

Animal Bite :

Wash area with mild soap and warm water for five minutes to remove foreign matter.

Use pressure to stop bleeding

If the wound is swollen, apply ice wrapped in a towel for 10 minutes

Cover wound with dressing or bandage

Insect Bite and stings

Move to the safe area

Wash the area with soap and water

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