Blood transfusion is highly important procedure in medical industry, especially during emergencies. Most of the times, the hazards concerned with blood transfusion include diseases transmitted through blood transfusion-. These include prior diseases, HIV and emerging viral pathogens. As such, doctors, hospitals, legislators and public health departments are always lobbying up to implement the latest blood transfusion technologies. Let’s discuss some of these technologies.
Why theLatest Technology?
Errors during blood transfusion are common.
These errors can be classified as either “lapse” or “cognitive” errors.
From labeling of blood bottles to giving the wrong/infected blood, transfusion errors have immense damage potential.
Presently, the bedside check has to be performed without any major technological tool.
Bedside monitoring, however, has seen considerable use of technology.
Blood transfusion has mostly being ignored till date. However, things have started to improve and looking positive.
Improve Blood Transfusion Final Bedside Check
Perhaps the most common error is that resulting from an ill maintained transfusion administration. This can cause wrongly labeled blood being given to the recipient.
The state hospitals have laid out guidelines which other hospitals have to comply while undertaking blood transfusion. This is the only way to remove any human error.
However, with the introduction of the digital patient monitoring systems, the blood group errors are being reduced.
These systems store the basic patient information like matching wristband identification, positive patient identification and other patient identification facets.
With improvements in this technology, we will see a drastic decrease in the number of blood transfusion errors.
Radiofrequency identification tags, once implemented, will carry patient information in a manner similar to the above mentioned bar code technique. But they have more advantages.
These radio tags can store considerably more information; they boast a read-write function and are highly user-friendly since they do not require direct line-of-sight reading.
They can greatly help with item tagging and asset tracking.
They can also emit waves that can help patients in extremely distressed conditions.
The radio tags that emit waves are known as ‘active tags’ and they require battery to be integrated to the tag.
Patient tracking and information collection will be taken to a whole new level if this technology is implemented.
Blood Sample Collection Technologies
Blood sample collection is another region which can cause major errors. This is an initial step and can cause problems from the very beginning. Giving the wrong blood to a patient can cause serious health concerns.
Here, there are two types of errors: mis-collected tubes and mis-labeled tubes. Both have high potential danger levels. Technology has so far not been able to provide much help here.
Blood collection and labeling are largely human monitored. People need to store and process much of the information related to the blood bank.
Also, when blood bags are being labeled, most of the process is done with hand. There is a need to develop sophisticated data management and processing technologies to aid blood collection and sampling.