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Physical therapy helps restore strength and mobility

Posted May 22 2012 2:56am

Lead a pain-free life with physical therapy

Whether it is a temporary or a permanent disability issue, physical therapy or physiotherapy is a crucial element of patient care. It offers a complete range of treatment options for all varieties of neuromuscular and musculoskeletal disorders.  In this article, we will examine how physical therapy helps restore strength and mobility.

Life after a stroke can be extremely trying. Fortunately, physical therapy can provide some relief. It is very effective in improving the movement potential of the patient by strengthening the muscles and activating the flexibility of the joints. Besides providing effective treatment for a stroke, other conditions that can be treated with physical therapy rehabilitation programs include:

• Arthritis
• Brain Injury
• Sport injuries
• Musculoskeletal diseases
• Hip and ankle pain
• Neurological disorders such as cerebral palsy, multiple sclerosis, and Parkinson’s disease
• Paediatric disorders and more

What does a physical therapy session include?

In a physical therapy session, the trained practitioner – who is called a physical therapist or physiotherapist (PT) – evaluates the condition of the patient and establishes a treatment plan. This normally includes the details about various therapies, exercises, and other interventions that need to be implemented to improve patient fitness and wellbeing.

Physical therapy treatments are mainly categorized into passive and active treatments. Passive therapies refer to a wide range of treatments that do not require the participation of the patient, such as manual therapy, myofascial release, Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), electrical muscle stimulation, ultrasound, traction procedure, and ice/heat therapies. The active segment includes various physical therapy exercises that the patient performs to tone the muscles, build endurance and strength, and regain physical balance and coordination.
 
Therapeutic exercises are further classified into

• Strengthening exercises that are meant to develop muscle strength
• Balance exercises that are simple exercises performed to improve balance
• Stretching exercises done to enhance the patient’s range of motion and prevent further injuries.
• Endurance exercises to help a patient regain stamina following prolonged hospitalization

To benefit from the full scope of physical therapy services, you should adhere to the instructions of the therapist. Specialists at leading multi-specialty health centers can design a customized physical therapy program to help restore your strength and mobility.

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