Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment: Know More about the Treatment
Posted Jun 14 2013 9:11am
OSA or obstructive sleep apnea is a sleep disorder which occurs when the muscles of the throat relax occasionally, owing to which the airway is blocked while sleeping. There are effective obstructive sleep apnea treatment options that bring great relief to patients. Given below are some of the symptoms of OSA:
Untimely and irregular tiredness and daytime sleepiness
Excessive irritability and snoring
Interruption in breathing during sleep due to blockage of the upper airway
Immediate awakening with sore throat and dry mouth
High blood pressure, morning headache and depression
Fluctuations in body weight
Poor memory and difficulty concentrating on work
There are various plastic surgery centers where surgical treatment is provided for:
Anatomic airway defects
Co-existing conditions such as heart arrhythmias, high blood pressure and more
Extreme as well as medium OSA patients
Patients who have low apnea but still experience extreme sleepiness during daytime
What Are the Surgical Obstructive Sleep Apnea Treatment Options?
Appropriate treatment for sleep apnea is chosen depending on the anatomy of individual patients as well as on the severity of the disease. Common surgical treatment options for obstructive sleep apnea include:
In this surgical procedure, the surgeon would create an opening through the lower neck into the windpipe (trachea). A tube is placed through this opening for providing an airway.
Air passage is blocked when adenoids and tonsils are enlarged. Therefore, in OSA treatment, it is recommended to remove it.
In this treatment, soft tissue of the soft palate and uvula are removed to rectify the abnormalities of the airway. Tonsils and adenoids are also removed. Patients require hospital stay following this surgery.
The surgeon makes a small incision above the Adam’s apple. The soft tissues are divided to reach the hyoid bone. The muscles are partially separated from the hyoid bone, after which the hyoid bone is secured to the more anterior thyroid cartilage. This prevents the attached tongue from collapsing against the back of the throat. The muscles of the tongue base are brought forward; this helps to pull the tongue base away from the back of the throat and enlarge the airway.
This procedure is performed with other procedures such as Uvulopalatopharyngoplasty or hyoid myotomy. In this procedure, the muscles of the tongue base are advanced forward on a small piece of bone attached to the mandible. As a result, the hypopharyngeal airway is enlarged.
This is a very effective treatment for severe as well as mild OSA. The surgeon cuts the bones of both the lower and upper jaw and advances them forward for easy air passage. The procedure enlarges the airway, and also puts the muscles of the airway under constant tension as a result of which their floppy quality is considerably reduced. This helps in preventing airway collapse.
This treatment is extremely beneficial for toddlers as well as young children. Commonly provided for children with Pierre Robin sequence, Treacher Collins syndrome, and hemifacial microsomia, this procedure involves making surgical incisions in the lower jawbone and placing devices over these incisions that gradually stretch the bones. As a result, a larger and more anatomically normal bony shape is achieved.
For treating obstructive sleep apnea efficiently, an experienced and trained plastic surgeon should be selected. Select a plastic surgery center that has received accreditation from the AAASF and offers the services of reliable and experienced plastic surgeons. Extensive research should be done for finding quality treatment options.