Hhhmmmm...how to manage these patients? Local anesthesia? Hematoma block? Nothing (aka brutacaine)? What about ketamine, that seems popular these days. IV? IM? With or without atropine? So many decisions!
Luckily you were surfing the internet one night and came across the 2011 clinical practice guideline on ketamine in the ED, which was just published.
This practice guideline was updated from a previous 2004 version because of new research that proved/disproved the way ketamine was being utilized. It was compiled by four physicians that are experts in the field of ketamine sedation, two of which wrote the 2004 practice guideline. Updated research was found by performing a MEDLINE search from January 2003 to November 2010 using the search term "ketamine".
1. Adults have been included in the 2011 guidelines.
2. Adjunctive medications
Green SM, Roback MG, Kennedy RM, Krauss B. Clinical Practice Guideline for Emergency Department Ketamine Dissociative Sedation: 2011 Update. Annals of emergency medicine. 2011 - in press. PMID: 21256625