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Different Physical Therapy Treatments to Alleviate Back Pain

Posted Jun 05 2012 6:39am

Back pain is one of the most common medical conditions and the number of people affected is on the rise. Hectic work schedules and sedentary lifestyles are often identified as factors responsible for lower back pain. Getting the right treatment at the right time is the solution. Physical therapy can relieve back pain to a large extent, even when other treatments fail to work. There are different physiotherapy treatments to alleviate back pain.

What exactly is physical therapy?

Physical therapy, also called physiotherapy or functional rehabilitation, is a branch of medical science that deals with the evaluation, treatment and diagnosis of various impairments or movement disabilities and to prevent the possibility of its re-occurrence at a later point of time. To achieve this, a series of treatment modalities and therapeutic exercises are prescribed, which are strictly performed under the assistance of trained experts called physical therapists. After evaluating the condition of the patient, the therapist prepares an appropriate treatment plan which includes a combination of active and passive therapies.

Physical therapy rehabilitation for backaches

A physiotherapy rehabilitation program for back pain management focuses on five different areas:

1. Educating the patient about the various active and passive treatments and the importance of ergonomic principles.

2. Recommending the need of proper posture

3. Accelerating the process of healing through the implementation of treatment modalities.

4. Implementing weight control management programs

5. Providing awareness in follow-up or maintenance programs to prevent future occurrences.

Recommended therapeutic intervention for back pain

In the early stages, most sufferers deal with problems like muscle spasm, inflammation, and restricted mobility. The most effective treatment option available to treat inflammation and spasm is Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS). It involves the use of a battery powered device which emits mild electrical pulses through the nerve fibers so as to prevent the pain signals from reaching the brain. The pulse will also produce heat that relieves stiffness and helps to restore the range of motion. Due to its safe nature, this passive therapy is recommended to treat both acute and chronic back pain.

Spinal manipulation is also suggested for back pain management. This therapeutic intervention incorporates manipulation and mobilization practices to restore the movement capability of restricted joints. Other treatment options include heat/cold application, prolotherapy, and disc compression. Physical therapy exercises are also necessary for the complete rehabilitation of the spine. Stretching, strengthening, and mild impact aerobic exercises are recommended.

Although there are different physical therapy treatments to alleviate back pain, you should seek the assistance of an expert healthcare professional and identify the treatment to suit your needs.

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