The authors delved into the educational psychology literature. The trick is to use under-appreciated cognitive tools in the learning process.
Why do we even need instructor supervision then?
Expert instruction is still vital in education. Instructors can...
The authors advocate for a hybrid learning approach called "directed self-guided learning" where the instructor has a behind-the-scenes presence in the independent learning experience. This presence may include designing a structured, step-wise curriculum which the learner can progress through at his/her own pace with multiple checkpoints on learner competency. More studies need to look into the good and bad habits of self-guided learning, how to incorporate external resources into self-guided learning, and the best approach to challenge our learners.
This article is worth a read, although I had to read it a couple of times to really let the content sink in. It's a pretty densely packed article.
Brydges R, Dubrowski A, Regehr G. A new concept of unsupervised learning: directed self-guided learning in the health professions. Academic Medicine. 2010, 85(10 Suppl): S49-55. PMID: 20881703