Congress adopted the American Taxpayer Relief
Act of 2012, HR 8, on January 1, 2013. The bill included a number of other
provisions affecting Medicare payments to physicians that have caused disappointment. The
bill did not include the need to incentivize the use of bone density for the
early diagnosis of osteoporosis.
a summary of how the various Medicare provisions were resolved in the act and
the bottom line for DXA
1. The new law blocks the 27% Medicare physician payment cut resulting
from the Sustainable Growth Rate (SGR) formula, freezing
Medicare payments at the 2012 level through calendar year 2013.
2. The automatic "sequestration" cuts that would also
have reduced Medicare physician payments by another 2% are postponed
for two months until 3/1/12013.
3. The bill authorizes cuts to reimbursement for advanced
imagining services such as MRI and CT. These cuts do NOT apply
to DXA, which is not considered an advanced imaging service.
As a practical matter, the new payment rate for DXA in the office setting
dropped on 1/1/2013 from a national average of $56 to $50.
Osteoporosis can be diagnosed early by bone densitometry (DXA). Osteoporosis
is a progressive disease.
Discouraging the use of DXA is not a step in the right direction for preventing
Osteoporosis affects the spine (vertebral column). It is initially manifested
by a decrease in bone density as determined by DXA. As osteoporosis progresses
patients develop compression fractures. Some compression fractures are painful
and some are not.
Patients lose height and develop a stooped posture.
The change in patients’ posture causes a change in the patients’ center
of gravity. The change in the center of gravity causes a change patients’
ability to balance herself against a fall.
If patients with osteoporosis fall they can put torsion on their hips.
The bone in the hip is thinned by the long process of developing osteoporosis.
Their hips can fracture.
The mortality rate after a hip fracture is more than 20%. The morbidity rate
post- op is 40-50%. Very few patients return to having a normal quality of
Patients may be forced to live in nursing homes.
If we look at elderly people around us we will notice that as many as 60%
of people over 70 years old have lost height and are have stooped posture. They
Early osteoporosis starts manifesting itself at about 50 years in women
and 70 years old in men.
Modern medicine can prevent the onset of osteoporotic fractures. Modern
medicine can also prevent further fracture by treating women and men after they
have developed osteoporotic fractures.
Preventing hip fractures would save the healthcare system billions of
dollars a year in healthcare expenditures. Prevention of further fractures
would also increase the quality of life in elderly osteoporotic patients.
The USPSTF recommendations are created from its review of the published
literature. Most of the committee members are non-specialists. They do not have medical experience in
treating osteoporosis. The committee ignores the consideration of the natural
history of the disease.
Yet, the USPSTF recommendations have resulted in a yearly decrease in the
reimbursement by both private insurers and Medicare for bone densitometry (DXA).