Pain in the pelvic region can have a huge variety of causes. Acute or chronic pain in the pelvic area can be difficult to deal with, and it’s important for women experiencing any kind of discomfort to pay close attention to their symptoms and be aware of their bodies.
Types of Pain: Acute vs. Chronic
Your pelvic pain could be categorized in two ways.
Acute pain begins over a very brief period of time and is usually a warning sign that something is medically wrong. Acute pain can begin very suddenly, and it may be constant or it could come and go. Common causes include
Infection or inflammation. Beyond just the reproductive organs, the bladder and bowels can become infected or inflamed and cause pain.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). This condition, usually caused by a sexually transmitted disease, can cause infertility if left untreated.
Ovarian cysts. These fluid-filled sacs that develop on the ovaries can burst or leak, causing mild to extreme pain.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
Kidney or bladder stones.
Chronic pelvic pain is generally caused by a long-term medical complication, and it’s often the result of more than one problem. The pain may come and go (sometimes in line with hormonal changes in the body, like the menstrual cycle) or it may be constant. Common causes include
Dysmenorrhea. Meaning “painful menstruation,” this condition refers to extreme menstrual cramps and pain during the menstrual cycle.
Endometriosis. This occurs when endometrial tissue – the nourishing lining of the uterus that feeds a developing embryo – begins to grow in the abdominal cavity outside of the uterus.
Fibroids. These are non-cancerous tumors that can develop in the muscle of the uterus.
Scar tissue. Scar tissue from untreated pelvic inflammatory disease or infections can cause chronic pain.
Pelvic Therapy and Treatment in San Francisco
Though the right treatment depends on a patient’s condition, there are a variety of therapeutic treatments and physical therapy exercises that can greatly reduce symptoms and ease pain if done with the guidance of a physical therapist specializing in pelvic health. Physical therapy can be used alone or combined with other treatments, and when used alone it requires no medication and allows patients to educate themselves on ways to ease their pain on their own. For more information on pelvic health and physical therapy San Francisco , visit Pelvic Health and Rehabilitation Center online.