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Point of Care Diagnostic Testing Sector Trends --- Aarkstore Enterprise

Posted Nov 24 2010 5:34am

During the past 35 years, ultrasound and nuclear medicine were introduced into clinical medicine, computed tomography (CT) revolutionized diagnostic procedures and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) emerged, bringing new diagnostic information at the cellular level. X-ray morphed from analog films to digital, and virtually all medical images became “soft” files on the electronic networks. As imaging departments in healthcare facilities have migrated from film to digital, the display and storage systems have had to migrate too. These new digital imaging storage and display systems are called picture archiving and communication systems (PACS). Most PACS handle images from various medical imaging instruments, including ultrasound, MRI, positron emission tomography (PET), CT, endoscopy, mammograms, etc. The focus of this TriMark Publications report is to analyze and describe the PACS market segments. PACS market penetration in the U.S. healthcare space has been significant, at almost 90%. A PACS network typically consists of a central server that stores a database containing the images connected to one or more clients via a local area network (LAN) or a wide area network (WAN) that provides or utilizes the images. More and more PACS utilize Internet-based technologies as their means of communication. This allows remote viewing and diagnosis with implications for both civilian and military healthcare facilities. Since radiology departments dominate the production of images, interconnections with radiology information systems (RIS) are also looked at in this study.


Table of Contents :

1. Overview 5
1.1 Statement of Report 5
1.2 About This Report 5
1.3 Scope of the Report 6
1.4 Objectives 6
1.5 Methodology 6
1.6 Executive Summary 7

2. The Medical Imaging Market 9
2.1 Medical Imaging Industry Market Size 9
2.2 Medical Imaging Infrastructure 10
2.2.1 Total Healthcare Expenditures and Demographics 10
2.2.2 Number of Hospitals 13
2.2.3 Number of Radiologists 14
2.2.4 Radiology Services 15
2.2.5 Medical Imaging Companies 16
2.2.6 Market Drivers 17
2.2.6.1 Product Enhancements Drive Adoption of Imaging Procedures Among End-Users 17
2.2.6.2 Potential of Novel Contrast Agents Development to Drive Imaging Procedure Volumes 18
2.2.6.3 Rapid Pace of Innovation Narrows Product Lifecycles and Restricts Spending 18
2.2.7 Market Restraints 18
2.2.8 Market Aspects 19
2.2.8.1 Molecular Imaging 19
2.2.8.2 Outpatient Facilities are the Best Growth Market 20
2.2.8.3 Diagnostic Imaging Modalities Witness Several Technology Advancements 20
2.2.8.4 Safety and Ergonomics Concerns Drive Technology Growth 20
2.2.8.5 Volumetric Imaging and Post-Image Processing Techniques Develop Rapidly 21
2.2.8.6 Increasing Implementation of PACS Units Pushes Digital Radiography into High Gear 21
2.2.8.7 Future Price Reduction Set to Stimulate Wider Acceptance of DR Systems 21
2.2.8.8 High-Performance Imaging Combined with Lower Radiation Doses Spurs DR Growth 21
2.3 Market Sector Analysis 22
2.3.1 Competition 22
2.3.2 Penetration Rates of PACS 24

3. PACS Market 25
3.1 PACS Technology 25
3.1.1 PACS History 26
3.1.1.1 In the Beginning 26
3.1.1.2 PACS Pioneers 27
3.1.1.3 Early Efforts 27
3.1.1.4 Early PACS Efforts 27
3.1.1.5 DICOM Begins 28
3.1.1.6 Filmless 28
3.1.1.7 Today and Tomorrow 29
3.1.2 Image Acquisition 29
3.1.3 Distribution and Communication 29
3.1.4 Archiving 29
3.1.5 Servers 29
3.1.6 Image Display Systems 30
3.1.7 PACS Drivers 30
3.1.8 Barriers 31
3.2 PACS Vendors 31
3.3 Leading PACS Vendors 35
3.4 PACS Societies 36
3.5 PACS Forecasts 37
3.6 Market Dynamics 39
3.6.1 Market Challenges 39
3.6.2 Integrating Imaging Systems 43
3.6.3 Lack of Funding can Stall Introduction of PACS 43
3.6.4 Determining and Defining the Return on Investment (ROI) of PACS Solutions 44
3.6.5 Effective PACS Training 44
3.6.6 PACS Outside the Radiology Department and the Hospital 45
3.6.7 Development of Web-based and GUI PACS Solutions 46
3.6.8 How Much is Enough Storage? 48
3.6.9 Information Lifecycle Management (ILM) 48
3.6.9.1 The Process 49
3.6.9.2 Automation 49
3.6.9.3 Simplified Disaster Recovery 50
3.6.9.4 Better Backups 50
3.6.9.5 Solving the problem 50
3.6.10 Always Online PACS 51
3.6.11 Cost of Electronic Storage and Data Transfer Decreasing (Moore’s Law) 52
3.6.12 Hospital CEOs and PACS 52
3.6.13 PACS and RIS Integration Benefits 54
3.6.13.1 Brokered Versus Integrated RIS/PACS 54
3.6.14 The Healthcare Leadership Council Congressional Recommendations 55
3.6.15 Deployment of Filmless Environments Attracting the Best Recruits 56
3.6.15.1 Planning for Migration from One PACS to Another? 56
3.6.15.2 Critical Success Factors as Seen by the Referring Physicians 57
3.6.15.3 Connecting PACS to Results: Text and Images Together 57
3.6.15.4 ROI on PACS and RIS 58
3.6.15.5 Advantages of Outsourcing Digital Storage Rather than Implementing an Archive in House 58
3.6.15.6 Special Considerations in PACS for Extensive Remote or Outsourced Image Reading 59
3.6.15.7 Enhancing Workflow to Optimize Service to Emergency Medicine 60
3.6.15.8 Customer Support for PACS: Guidelines 60
3.6.15.9 RIS/PACS Target Outcomes and Benefit Realization 61
3.6.15.10 How PACS Helps Radiology Deal with CR? 62
3.6.15.11 Interfaced, Integrated and Unified PACS 62
3.7 PACS Usage 62
3.8 Purchase Options 70
3.8.1 Turnkey 70
3.8.2 Software-only PACS (Best of Breed/Unbundled Solutions) 70
3.8.3 Web-based PACS 72
3.8.4 Application Service Provider 72
3.9 Telemedicine/Teleradiology 75
3.9.1 Opportunities 76
3.9.1.1 Civilian 76
3.9.1.2 Military 76
3.10 Software (Image Processing, PACS, etc.) Companies 77
3.11 Software (PACS and RIS) 78

4. Regulations and Standards 79
4.1 HIPAA 79
4.1.1 Title I: Healthcare Access, Portability and Renewability 79
4.1.2 Title II: Preventing Healthcare Fraud and Abuse, Administrative Simplification and Medical Liability Reform 80
4.1.2.1 The Privacy Rule 80
4.1.2.2 The Transactions and Code Sets Rule 80
4.1.2.3 The Security Rule 82
4.1.2.4 The Unique Identifiers Rule (National Provider Identifier) 83
4.1.2.5 The Enforcement Rule 84
4.2 DICOM 84
4.2.1 History 84
4.2.2 DICOM Data Format 85
4.2.3 DICOM Services 85
4.2.3.1 Store 85
4.2.3.2 Storage Commitment 85
4.2.3.3 Query/Retrieve 85
4.2.3.4 Modality Worklist 85
4.2.3.5 Modality Performed Procedure Step 85
4.2.3.6 Printing 85
4.2.3.7 Off-line Media (DICOM Files) 86
4.2.4 Application Areas 86
4.3 HL7 87
4.3.1 What Does the Name HL7 Mean? 87
4.3.2 Why HL7? 88
4.3.3 How is HL7 Organized? 88
4.3.4 New and Ongoing Initiatives 88
4.3.4.1 HIPAA 88
4.3.4.2 The Reference Information Model (RIM) 88
4.4 Clinical Data Interchange Standards Consortium 90
4.5 The IHE 90
4.6 Optimal Patient Care 90
4.7 The Four Steps of the Process 91
4.8 The Technical Framework—Business and Technology Together 91
4.9 Leading by Example 93
4.10 IHE and the EHR 93
4.11 Nuclear Medicine Special Issues 93
4.11.1 SNM and the IHE 93
4.11.2 Problems interfacing PACS and NM 93
4.11.3 The IHE Nuclear Medicine Profile 94
4.11.4 The Next Step 95
4.12 Government Healthcare Initiatives Creates Opportunities for PACS Vendors 95

5. Technology Trends 96
5.1 Content-based Image Retrieval (CBIR) 96
5.2 Digital Dashboard 97
5.3 Digital Dashboard Example: PACSPulse 100
5.4 Paperless Workflow in PACS 103
5.5 Process and Workflow Example for RIS PACS Integration 104
5.6 Process and Workflow Example for High Speed CT 106

6. Company Profiles 108
6.1 Agfa-Gevaert Corp. 108
6.2 Canon 108
6.3 Carestream Health, Inc. (Formerly Kodak Health Imaging Division) 109
6.4 Cerner Corporation 110
6.5 DR Systems 110
6.6 Dynamic Imaging 111
6.7 Emageon 111
6.8 FujiFilm Medical Systems USA 112
6.9 GE Healthcare (RIS/PACS) 112
6.10 Hitachi Medical Systems America 113
6.11 IBM (PACS) 113
6.12 IMCO Technologies 113
6.13 Intelerad Medical System 114
6.14 McKesson Corporation 114
6.15 Merge Healthcare (Acquired eMed Technologies) 114
6.16 Philips Medical Systems (PACS) 114
6.17 ScImage 115
6.18 Siemens Medical Solutions (RIS/PACS) 115
6.19 SmartPACS (Newly Renamed to Infinitt) 116
6.20 Thinking Systems Corporation 116

7. Manufacturers 117


INDEX OF FIGURES

Figure 2.1: Total Spending on Healthcare in the U.S., 1960-2007 11
Figure 2.2: International Per Capita Healthcare Spending by Country, 2006 12
Figure 3.1: Representative PACS Architecture 25
Figure 3.2: PACS Facilities Shown by Number of Exams/Procedures Performed Per Year 63
Figure 3.3: Modalities Offered by PACS Facilities 63
Figure 3.4: US Facilities with PACS 64
Figure 3.5: PACS Installation Duration 64
Figure 3.6: Number of Vendors Evaluated 65
Figure 3.7 Ranking of PACS Evaluation Factors 65
Figure 3.8 PACS Features Considered in Evaluating PACS 66
Figure 3.9 PACS Vendor Aspects Considered in Evaluating PACS 67
Figure 3.10: Number of Service Calls 68
Figure 3.11: PACS Satisfaction 68
Figure 3.12: Vendor’s US Market Share 69
Figure 4.1: IHE Technical Framework 91
Figure 4.2: IHE Framework Organization 92
Figure 5.1: Digital Das

For more information, please visit : http://www.aarkstore.com/reports/Picture-Archiving-and-Communications-Systems-PA

Contact :Sanaa

Aarkstore Enterprise

Tel : +912227453309

Mobile No: +919272852585

Email : contact@aarkstore.com

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