Situations involving damage to the brain, spinal cord or other parts of the nervous systemThe network of nerves, which are bundles of nerve fibres carrying information in the form of electrical impulses. are referred to as neurological
Associated with the nervous system and the brain.
conditions. Neurological conditions include the following diseases:
cerebral palsyA disorder of posture and movement resulting from damage to a child's developing brain before, during or immediately after birth.
dementiaDecline in mental capacity, brain functioning and memory that affects day-to-day living.
multiple sclerosisA progressive disease of the central nervous system.
strokeAny sudden neurological problem caused by a bleed or a clot in a blood vessel.
peripheral neuropathyDamage to or disease of nerves.
spinal cord injury
Various diseases and events affecting nervous systems controlling the lower urinary tractThe channels that carry urine from the kidneys to the outside of the body. can also cause incontinenceThe involuntary passage of urine or faeces. and this is known to be common in neurological disease. Doctors are being told to look out for people who have neurological conditions and also experience incontinence or other urinary problems such as an overactive bladderThe organ that stores urine.. The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence aims to minimise the effects of lower urinary tract dysfunction and promote active participation in their care.
The new NICE guidance advises healthcare professionals to undertake thorough assessments that include obtaining information about patients' urinary tract and neurological symptoms, other health problems (e.g. bowelA common name for the large and/or small intestines. or sexual problems), use of medications, degree of mobility, hand function, cognitive function, social support and lifestyle in order to inform how patients' urinary problems should be properly managed.
Professor Mark Baker says "There are lots of management options available depending on the type of urinary problem, from bladder and pelvicRelating to the pelvis. floor training, to medicines, catheters, and surgical procedures".