Certain factors had be associated with triggering the onset of IBS, which are:In addition to the above symptoms, in an individual less than 40 years old, the following tests are done:
- Psychological stress and trauma.
- Sexual, verbal and physical abuse.
- Antibiotic therapy.
- Eating disorder.
Irritable bowel syndrome is more common in females than in males.
How is the diagnosis of IBS made ?
- Complete blood count.
- ESR (Erythrocyte sedimentation rate).
- Sigmoidoscopy: a sigmoidoscope is used by the doctor to examine the sigmoid colon, a part of the colon.
In older patients, colonoscopy is done to exclude the presence of colorectal cancer.
What is the treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome ? An important part of the treatment lies in the doctor's explanation of the nature of this condition to the patient. Stress should be abolished, otherwise can cause recurrence. So, reassurance plays a great role in the treatment of IBS.
Fiber supplements, as Metamucil or Citrucel, will help relief constipation.
The patient is advised to avoid caffeine, fatty foods and large meals.
Tricyclic antidepressants are helpful as they help relief pain and diarrhea. Besides, they will help in controlling depression, which can co-exist with IBS.
Probiotics had showed a beneficial effect in patients with diarrhea and bloating.
Specific women having IBS can benefit from these two drugs: Alosetron and Lubiprostone, for women having non-responsive diarrhea and non-responsive constipation respectively.
Irritable Bowel Syndrome does not progress to cancer or cause an inflammatory disease. Abolishing stress and anxiety forms the base of the treatment.
If you have any questions, you can post them in the comments.