Yes there is. HDL cholesterol is the good one because it removes excess cholesterol from the blood vessels and carries it to the liver where it is broken down. Thus high level of HDL reduces the risk of atherosclerosis and heart disease.
VLDL, LDL and IDL are called bad cholesterol because they can deposit on the walls of blood vessels and form a plaque which can block arteries.
What can we do to prevent high cholesterol ?
A well-balanced low-fat diet and maintenance of healthy body weight are the best ways to prevent high cholesterol. Saturated (animal) fats, including egg yolks and whole-milk dairy products, increase LDL. Monounsaturated fats—such as olive, canola, or peanut oils—and fiber can lower cholesterol levels. Besides exercising daily for 30 minutes will increase the level of HDL and lower LDL and triglycerides.
What is the treatment of hypercholesterolemia ?
Lines of management includes the change of lifestyle and diet (as explained above). Drugs used are:
1. Statins (most common)
2. Bile acid sequestering resins
3. Cholesterol absorption inhibitors
Total cholesterol (normal): 150-199 mg/dl
Total cholesterol (borderline elevated): 200- 239 mg/dl
Total cholesterol (elevated): > 240 mg/dl
HDL (normal): > 40 mg/dl
HDL (borderline depressed): 35- 39 mg/dl
HDL (depressed): < 35 mg/dl
LDL (normal): <130 mg/dl
LDL (borderline elevated): 131- 159 mg/dl
LDL (elevated): > 160 mg/dl
Triglycerides (normal): < 160 mg/dl
Bottomline, a fasting lipoprotein profile is recommended every five years.
I hope this article was beneficial and that it included the enough information to get the best awareness to you.
High cholesterol (Hypercholesterolemia)