Sarcoma expert and Consultant Surgical Oncologist, Mr Dirk Strauss , describes the types and treatment of cancerousMalignant, a tumour that may invade surrounding tissues or spread to distant parts of the body. soft tissueA group of cells with a similar structure and a specialised function. tumours, known as sarcomas. The most common symptom of a malignantDescribes a tumour resulting from uncontrolled cell division that can invade other tissues and may spread to distant parts of the body. soft tissue sarcoma is a painless, gradually enlarging lump. The growth rate of sarcomas varies according to how 'aggressive' the tumour is, low grade tumours can grow slowly while aggressive tumours can develop and enlarge rapidly. Diagnosis relies on clinical examination, imaging, and laboratory analysis (requiring a biopsyThe removal of a small sample of cells or tissue so that it may be examined under a microscope. The term may also refer to the tissue sample itself.).
Mr Strauss explains the latest treatment options and says
All patients with a suspected soft tissue sarcoma should be managed by a specialist sarcoma centre as specified in the NICE guidance. Decisions about surgery, chemotherapyThe use of chemical substances to treat disease, particularly cancer., radiotherapyThe treatment of disease using radiation. and the timing of all of these treatments should be made by specialists in dialogue with a Sarcoma multidisciplinaryRelating to a group of healthcare professionals with different areas of specialisation. team.