Arthritis is the most common type of joint disorder. The cartilage that cushions the bones at the joint wears away and leads to pain and stiffness. Although factors are known to lead to Osteoarthritis, such as aging, metabolic, genetic, chemical and mechanical factors, there is no known cause. Osteoarthritis is extremely common in people over the age of 70. However, between the ages of 55 and 70, more females develop it than men. Prior to the age 55, it is equally common in both sexes.
There are two main types of Osteoarthritis - primary and secondary. Primary Osteoarthritis occurs without any injury or identifiable cause; whereas, secondary Osteoarthritis is usually due to another disease or underlying condition. Patients often experience long term limited mobility due to Osteoarthritis. While function can improve with treatment, there is no overall cure for arthritis.
Gradual, subtle onset of deep aching joint pain that is worse after exercise or weight bearing and often relieved by rest Morning stiffness Joint grating with movement Joint swelling Limited movement Joint pain in rainy weather There may be no symptoms Limited range of motion Tenderness Loss of joint space Wearing down of the bone ends Bone spurs Decreased ability to walk Decreased ability to perform activities of daily living such as personal hygiene, household chores or cooking
There are many ways to increase comfort if you suffer from Arthritis.
Weight loss - Every pound overweight adds four times the stress on the knees. Therefore even a pound of weight loss can add a big releif and 11 pounds can cut the risk of developing Osteoarthritis by 50 percent.
Eating proper portions - A serving of meat is 3 ounces or the size of a palm. A serving of dairy is 2 ounces of cheese or the size of a pair of dominoes and a serving of vegetables is one cup or the size of a fist.
Eating better - This includes boosting calcium intake and avoiding fast food. If fast food is a must, go with grilled instead of fried, lettuce and tomato instead of mayo, a salad instead of fries with a little dressing, and water instead of soda. Increasing vitamin C and antioxidants in meals can also reduce the risk of Osteoarthritis. Increasing fish intake can help joint pain. Eat precut fruits and veggies for a snack. Grazing throughout the day is better than three big meals in that it boosts the metabolism. Lower caffine intake can help bones as well.
Watching less television - Television slows the metabloism and encourages being sedentary or laziness
Getting outside - The fresh air is relaxing and adds ways to burn calories.
Take a load off your joints - Exercising in a pool is a great way to exercise with less pressure on your joints
Hiking - This burns calories, builds denser bones and strengthens muscles.
Proper shoes are very important - Shoes should be flexible and supportive with squared or rounded toes, rubber soles and flex at the ball.
Lighten Up - If joints still ache two hours after a workout then next time lighted your routine. Work up towards heavier exercises, starting slowly.
Stretch - Keep your muscles and ligaments flexible and strong by stretching throughout the day even at the office.
Yoga, Pilates or tai chi - Keep joints strong, muscles limber and ease stress
Lifting weights - Help stabilize and protect joints with stronger muscles and denser bones
Get advise from a trainer - Learn how to exercise properly to prevent joint injury and stress.
Avoid Feet pounding exercises - kickboxing and step aerobics are tough on joints
Soak -A warm bath after exercising helps to sooth aching joints and muscles.
Reduce neck strain - Use eye level document holders on the monitor and hands free telephone headsets.
Sit properly at the computer - 20-26 inches from the monitor with the top of the monitor and the top of the head level. Also have arms at sides with right angled elbows and wrists relaxed while typing.
Wear Flats - Heels can add stress to the knees and a three inch heel adds seven times the foot stress of a one inch heel.
Move Around - Sitting or standing all day can lock the body in one position. So moving about every 30 minutes or so can help.
Massages - Relieve muscle tension and lower fatigue by getting a massage